Disk Read Error Press Control ALT Delete to Restart

Having an issue booting to the OS. We've done extensive tests on the hard drive, all of which passed. The hard drive is less than a year old. Currently using Windows XP. System will not boot. I need to get it back without a reinstall. System was infected, infections removed externally. System had no change before and after infection removal. Any suggestions?
itneedshelpAsked:
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Sudeep SharmaTechnical DesignerCommented:
Start the repair install instead of re-install and do the fixboot

Follow the steps below to boot into repair mode (repair mode)
1) Start your computer with your Windows XP CD-ROM
2) When the Welcome to Setup screen appears, press R to Repair the installation using the Recovery Console
3) If you have a dual-boot or multiple-boot computer, select the Windows installation you want to access
4) Type the administrator password when you are prompted, if no administrator password is set then just press Enter
5) At the command prompt, type FIXBOOT and then press Enter

FIXBOOT writes a new partition boot sector to the system partition. The fixboot command is only available when you are using the Recovery Console.

For more information on FIXBOOT, visit the Microsoft Documentation page for FIXBOOT
http://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/windows/xp/all/proddocs/en-us/bootcons_fixboot.mspx?mfr=true

Sudeep
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itneedshelpAuthor Commented:
I tried doing a CHKDSK and FIXBOOT and none of it worked. Would a hive repair work at all?
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Sudeep SharmaTechnical DesignerCommented:
Do you  ran chkdsk on the C: Drive (which I assumed was the drive which has OS) and it scanned the whole disk and no errors reported. Right?

Sudeep
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Thomas Zucker-ScharffSolution GuideCommented:
Backup your drive before proceeding further.  With XP download the newest prtable version of DriveimageXML to a USB (bootable) or write it to a cd drive.  Use this to backup your drive (attach an external USB drive to backup to if you are not using a large capacity USB stick).  Ther are also many utilities you can boot from and use for backup when you create a bootable device using SARDU.

Final word is backup before proceeding.
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itneedshelpAuthor Commented:
Drive is cloned before virus removal and mbr fixes. Chkdsk repair came up with errors, but were fixed.
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itneedshelpAuthor Commented:
I should note that data is visible externally and in Mini XP preboot.
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Sudeep SharmaTechnical DesignerCommented:
So are you still getting Disk Read Error?

You should also try fixmbr from Repair, if haven't already.

Sudeep
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itneedshelpAuthor Commented:
If there is any fix provided by a tool that cost money? Please let us know. Nothing is off the table.
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itneedshelpAuthor Commented:
FixMBR was performed already.
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nobusCommented:
try this method :
windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:  \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/307545
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
An easier way is to boot from a Bart PE CD (or UBCD4Win CD) and use the file manager for manipulating files. Here  the procedure :
1. rename c:\windows\system32\config\SYSTEM to c:\windows\system32\config\SYSTEM.bak
2. Navigate to the System Volume Information folder.
it contains some restore {GUID} folders such as "_restore{87BD3667-3246-476B-923F-F86E30B3E7F8}".
The restore points are in  folders starting with "RPx under this folder.
3. In such a folder, locate a Snapshot subfolder. This is an example of a folder path to the Snapshot folder:  C:\System Volume Information\_restore{D86480E3-73EF-47BC-A0EB-A81BE6EE3ED8}\RP1\Snapshot
4. From the Snapshot folder, copy the following file to the c:\windows\system32\config folder
 _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SYSTEM
5. Rename _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SYSTEM to SYSTEM
6. Exit Bart PE, reboot and test

Use a fairly recent restore point from at least a day or two prior to problem occurring .

** you can add the other hives also with this procedure

http://www.nu2.nu/pebuilder/       BARTPE
http://www.ubcd4win.com/            UBCD4WIN
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nobusCommented:
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Thomas Zucker-ScharffSolution GuideCommented:
Many of these fixes can be done with spotmau powersuite 2013.  This is a paid solution that automates many of these procedures (like rewriting the MBR with a clean one, backing up and restoring files, replacing various other system files, etc.).  It is a good piece of software and something I keep in my arsenal.  If you make a SARDU created bootdisk you can put the Spotmau bootdisk in place of the windows 7 boot disk or the windows vista bootdisk, as long as you have a license for Spotmau.

As I mentioned previously, always make a backup before using any of these programs.  I know you said you cloned the disk, but a second backup couldn't hurt.
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Adam LeinssServer SpecialistCommented:
Spotmau appears to be a ripoff of Wondershare's Live 2012: http://www.wondershare.com/boot-cd/...compare the screenshots.
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Thomas Zucker-ScharffSolution GuideCommented:
Aleinss - The spotmau page says that they are part of Wondershare Software, Ltd.  So it is not surprising that they look alike.

I noticed a similar thing with backup software - Paragon licenses some of their software out to other backup software vendors (Novastor for one).  I spotted it when I saw that NovaStor's novabackup disaster recovery screens were exactly the same as paragons.

Thanks for the heads up though.
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nobusCommented:
how is it going, itneedshelp??
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