Change default value of List in SharePoint w/o going to List Settings?

Hello Experts,

Is there a way to change the default value of a column w/o going into List Settings?  I have a List that has a default value for a column (category) setup.

When I have to enter a lot of data (items) for a particular hardware category (monitors, desktops, phones, laptops, etc), I'd like to be able to change the default of the category w/o having to go into the List Settings.

I would appreciate any guidance...thank you.
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Rainer JeschorCommented:
which SharePoint version and edition?
What field type is your column?

The one possible workaround I can think of is to pass the value via query string (url parameter) having a small Javascript on the new item page to replace / set this field.

Modifier1000Author Commented:
Sorry for my lack of bad.

SharePoint Version:  2010 Enterprise
Column Type: Choice

I'll standby with your "possible workaround" in case the version/column-type I just provided make a difference for another possibility.
Rainer JeschorCommented:

this script will try to get an url parameter named "categoryfield" and set the select field "AssetType" (based on the title of the field):

<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="/sites/ee/SPServices/JSAssets/jquery-1.8.3.min.js"></script>
<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
var queryParamName = 'categoryfield';
var selectFieldTitle = 'AssetType';


function SetDefaultValue()
	var valueFromQuerystring = GetUrlParamValue(queryParamName);
	if (valueFromQuerystring != null) {
		jQuery("SELECT[title='" + selectFieldTitle + "']").val(valueFromQuerystring);

function GetUrlParamValue(urlParam){
    var queryString =;
    var urlParams = queryString.split('&');
    for(var i = 0; i < urlParams.length; i++){
        var urlParamElement = urlParams[i].split('=');
        if(urlParamElement[0].toLowerCase() == urlParam.toLowerCase()){
            return urlParamElement[1];
	return null;

Open in new window

Necessary script adjustments:
- Adjust the path to the jQuery library to fit your environment. (you might also use the jQuery library from the CDN from Google/Microsoft)
- Adjust the variable queryParamName
- Adjust the variable selectFieldTitle and set it to the title of your select field

To get it run you have to options:
Either place the script using a content editor web part OR use SharePoint designer to inject the code directly on the new item page.

If you need further assistance just post your comment.

HTH and KR

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Modifier1000Author Commented:
Thank you.
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