windows cal questions

Hi Experts,

I have some simple questions about CAL´s and Licensing.

We have to buy new servers win2012, sql 2012, exchange2012

I know when I buy a Exchange server I also have to buy Exchange CAL´s for all my users.
But what about CAL´s for SQL and Windows and Terminal Servers ?

Can you help me to find it out ?
Eprs_AdminSystem ArchitectAsked:
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Eprs_AdminSystem ArchitectAuthor Commented:
When I have a file server with Shares and my users access these shares, do I need CALS for it ?
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Don ThomsonCommented:
If you are using a server - you basically need Cals for everything
If you have 10 users that access the server for shared folders and exchange mailboxes - you need 10 user cals and 10 exchange cals.  

If you have a group of people that access the server via terminal server mode and the number of people that will be simultaneously logging in is grater than 2 then you need TS Cals for the max number of logged in users,

If the server console is logged in  - that takes up 1 cal btw leaving only one additional session available.
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Don ThomsonCommented:
For SQL - you can license by user or by processor core. If you have many people accessing a web app running on the server with SQL as the backbone - then go with the Core Processor method.
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Eprs_AdminSystem ArchitectAuthor Commented:
ok now I understand better

the sql processor cal for 2012 is based per cpu or core ?
My maschines all have 2 cpu´s and a lot of cores.
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Eprs_AdminSystem ArchitectAuthor Commented:
when I have a lot of exchange users, is there also a processor license available ?
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Don ThomsonCommented:
Under the Per Processor model, you acquire a Processor License for each processor in the server on which the software is running. A Processor License includes access for an unlimited number of users to connect from either inside the local area network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN), or outside the firewall (via the Internet). You do not need to purchase additional server licenses, CALs, or Internet Connector Licenses.

Note: Windows Server licensed under the Per Processor model requires CALs.

The best best would be call Microsoft licensing group and they will tell you exactly what you need.

If all the mailboxes are for users within your company, you most likely will need one cal for each user. If you have a majority of users that are external users (not working for your company - you can get external connection licenses which allow an unlimited number of users to have exchange mailboxes.
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Eprs_AdminSystem ArchitectAuthor Commented:
Thanks, I see :-)
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Eprs_AdminSystem ArchitectAuthor Commented:
last question regarding SQL.

I have a software called ASE.
Many users using this software to make changes.
But the connect directly to the DB is always the same user account by the software.

Here I need just one CAL or many CALS ?
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Don ThomsonCommented:
In a case like that - I believe that the ASE software would be a device and that device would require a Device Cal

Again - if the users run the ASE Program from an executable on their desktop - and the host program resides on the Server - it's the host program that's accessing the SQL
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Eprs_AdminSystem ArchitectAuthor Commented:
ok I understand. Thanks.

The SQL Proccessor license is now per cpu or core ?
Is it correct, when I have 2 processors with 10 cores, then I have to buy license for 10 cores ?
means each license has 4 cores minimum, so I have to buy 3 licenses ?
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Eprs_AdminSystem ArchitectAuthor Commented:
and what about the cluster function ?
In which version is it included ?
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Don ThomsonCommented:
Not sure about that - Again you should just call the Microsoft Licensing group people - They deal with all the unusual situations every day - You don't have to tell them which company you are calling about - they are really good
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