Role Base Access Controls and Active Directory

What is Role Base Access Controls? How does it relate to Active Directory?
SydNal2009Asked:
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CorinTackNetwork EngineerCommented:
This is a complex question, but I'll try to give as short an answer as possible.

Role-based access control is a method of setting access to files or folders based upon someone's job, responsibilities, etc.

For example, you might want to give access to a folder with payroll data to all accountants, and to your HR managers. This is role-based access.

With regards to Active Directory, your ability to use role-based access controls depends upon your Windows Server version. (2012 has some new controls). However, for ease of explanation, I'll go with a really basic explanation.

In the case described above, you would assign the accountants and HR managers to security groups based on their roles (in this case, they would likely all belong to a Payroll security group, but they could be separated differently.) You would then give these security groups access to that folder with payroll data.
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