Solved

Method List explanation on a sort

Posted on 2013-10-23
2
225 Views
Last Modified: 2013-10-24
I have the following code and I'm trying to understand the Shuffle() method from the Deck class... It will be nice to get an explanation  from line by line of the suffle method line by line.

public void Shuffle()
        {
            Random rand = new Random();
            for (int i = cards.Count - 1; i > 0; i--)
            {
                int randomIndexg = rand.Next(i + 1);
                Card tempCard = cards[i];
                cards[i] = cards[randomIndexg];
                cards[randomIndexg] = tempCard;
            }
        }

Open in new window


Class Deck
 public class Deck
    {
        #region Fields

        List<Card> cards = new List<Card>();

        #endregion

        #region Constructors

        /// <summary>
        /// Constructor
        /// </summary>
        public Deck()
        {
            // fill the deck with cards
            foreach (Suit suit in Enum.GetValues(typeof(Suit)))
            {
                foreach (Rank rank in Enum.GetValues(typeof(Rank)))
                {
                    cards.Add(new Card(rank.ToString(), suit.ToString()));
                }
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region Properties

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets whether the deck is empty
        /// </summary>
        public bool Empty
        {
            get { return cards.Count == 0; }
        }

        #endregion

        #region Public methods

        /// <summary>
        /// Cuts the deck of cards at the given location
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="location">the location at which to cut the deck</param>
        public void Cut(int location)
        {
            //int cutIndex = cards.Count - location;
            //List<Card> newCards = new List<Card>(cards.Count);
            //for (int i = cutIndex; i < cards.Count; i++)
            //{
            //    newCards.Add(cards[i]);
            //}
            //for (int i = 0; i < cutIndex; i++)
            //{
            //    newCards.Add(cards[i]);
            //}
            //cards = newCards;

            int cutIndex = cards.Count - location;
            Card[] newCards = new Card[cards.Count];
            cards.CopyTo(cutIndex, newCards, 0, location);
            cards.CopyTo(0, newCards, location, cutIndex);
            cards.Clear();
            cards.InsertRange(0, newCards);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Shuffles the deck
        /// 
        /// Reference: http://download.oracle.com/javase/1.5.0/docs/api/java/util/Collections.html#shuffle%28java.util.List%29
        /// </summary>
        public void Shuffle()
        {
            Random rand = new Random();
            for (int i = cards.Count - 1; i > 0; i--)
            {
                int randomIndex = rand.Next(i + 1);
                Card tempCard = cards[i];
                cards[i] = cards[randomIndex];
                cards[randomIndex] = tempCard;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Takes the top card from the deck. If the deck is empty, returns null
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>the top card</returns>
        public Card TakeTopCard()
        {
            if (!Empty)
            {
                Card topCard = cards[cards.Count - 1];
                cards.RemoveAt(cards.Count - 1);
                return topCard;
            }
            else
            {
                return null;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Prints the contents of the deck
        /// </summary>
        public void Print()
        {
            foreach (Card card in cards)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(card.Rank + " of " + card.Suit);
            }
        }
        #endregion
    }

Open in new window

0
Comment
Question by:yguyon28
[X]
Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
2 Comments
 

Author Comment

by:yguyon28
ID: 39595401
public void Shuffle()
        {
            Random rand = new Random();
            for (int i = cards.Count - 1; i > 0; i--)
            {
                int randomIndexg = rand.Next(i + 1);
                Card tempCard = cards[i];
                cards[i] = cards[randomIndexg];
                cards[randomIndexg] = tempCard;
            }
        }

Open in new window

0
 
LVL 75

Accepted Solution

by:
käµfm³d   👽 earned 500 total points
ID: 39595504
public void Shuffle()
{
    Random rand = new Random();                 // Create a new Random object. This will be used to create pseudo-random numbers.
    for (int i = cards.Count - 1; i > 0; i--)   // Create a loop to loop over deck. The loop will iterate cards.Count - 1 times.
    {
        int randomIndexg = rand.Next(i + 1);    // Get the next random integer less than i + 1 and greater than or equal to zero.
        Card tempCard = cards[i];               // Create a temporary variable that points to the Card object located at slot i of the cards List.
        cards[i] = cards[randomIndexg];         // Set slot i of the cards list to point to the Card object at slot randomIndexg of the cards List.
        cards[randomIndexg] = tempCard;         // Set slot randomIndexg of the cards list to point to the Card object that the temporary variable is point to
    }
}

// The net effect is that two cards swap positions. The positions swapped are i and randomIndexg

Open in new window

0

Featured Post

Technology Partners: We Want Your Opinion!

We value your feedback.

Take our survey and automatically be enter to win anyone of the following:
Yeti Cooler, Amazon eGift Card, and Movie eGift Card!

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Introduction This article series is supposed to shed some light on the use of IDisposable and objects that inherit from it. In essence, a more apt title for this article would be: using (IDisposable) {}. I’m just not sure how many people would ge…
This article introduced a TextBox that supports transparent background.   Introduction TextBox is the most widely used control component in GUI design. Most GUI controls do not support transparent background and more or less do not have the…
Come and listen to Percona CEO Peter Zaitsev discuss what’s new in Percona open source software, including Percona Server for MySQL (https://www.percona.com/software/mysql-database/percona-server) and MongoDB (https://www.percona.com/software/mongo-…
In this brief tutorial Pawel from AdRem Software explains how you can quickly find out which services are running on your network, or what are the IP addresses of servers responsible for each service. Software used is freeware NetCrunch Tools (https…

729 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question