DML on CTE?

what DMLs can do inside a CTE resultset?
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25112Asked:
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MohitPanditConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Hello,

Please find below example with temp table data:

CREATE TABLE #T1 (Pid Int IDENTITY PRIMARY KEY, Name VarChar(50), Address VarChar(50))

INSERT INTO #T1(Name)
VALUES ('Ram'), ('Sham'), ('Sudhir')

-- Just fetch
WITH parts (id, name)
AS
(
	SELECT Pid, Name
	FROM #T1
)
SELECT * FROM parts;

-- Insert using CTE
WITH parts (id, name)
AS
(
	SELECT Pid, Name
	FROM #T1
)
INSERT INTO parts (Name)
VALUES ('Henri');

-- Update using CTE
WITH parts (id, name)
AS
(
	SELECT Pid, Name
	FROM #T1
)
UPDATE parts
SET name = 'Ramlal'
WHERE id = 1;

-- Delete using CTE
WITH parts (id, name)
AS
(
	SELECT Pid, Name
	FROM #T1
)
DELETE parts
WHERE id = 2

SELECT * FROM #T1;

-- Can create different table as well, here temp table
	-- on this #T2 temp table, you can do further calculation if want.
WITH parts (id, name)
AS
(
	SELECT Pid, Name
	FROM #T1
)
SELECT * INTO #T2 FROM parts

SELECT '#T2 Table', * FROM #T2

DROP TABLE #T1
DROP TABLE #T2

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Kindly take a look over it and let me know in case you have any concern.

Best Regards
Mohit Pandit
0
 
MohitPanditCommented:
Hello,

You can have
SELECT
statement inside of CTE parenthesis but after close CTE parenthesis then you can have
INSERT, DELETE, UPDATE, SELECT

For example,
USE AdventureWorks2012;
GO
WITH Parts(AssemblyID, ComponentID, PerAssemblyQty, EndDate, ComponentLevel) AS
(
    SELECT b.ProductAssemblyID, b.ComponentID, b.PerAssemblyQty,
        b.EndDate, 0 AS ComponentLevel
    FROM Production.BillOfMaterials AS b
    WHERE b.ProductAssemblyID = 800
          AND b.EndDate IS NULL
    UNION ALL
    SELECT bom.ProductAssemblyID, bom.ComponentID, p.PerAssemblyQty,
        bom.EndDate, ComponentLevel + 1
    FROM Production.BillOfMaterials AS bom 
        INNER JOIN Parts AS p
        ON bom.ProductAssemblyID = p.ComponentID
        AND bom.EndDate IS NULL
)
UPDATE Production.BillOfMaterials
SET PerAssemblyQty = c.PerAssemblyQty * 2
FROM Production.BillOfMaterials AS c
JOIN Parts AS d ON c.ProductAssemblyID = d.AssemblyID
WHERE d.ComponentLevel = 0; 

Open in new window


Kindly take a look over it and let me know in case you have any concern.

Best Regards,
Mohit Pandit
0
 
25112Author Commented:
thanks Mohit.. in your example, can you do INSERT, DELETE, UPDATE on Parts CTE?
0
 
25112Author Commented:
thank you Mohit
0
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