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AdventureWorks2012 SQL Query Current Employee Position

Posted on 2013-10-26
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Last Modified: 2017-01-26
I have a situation similar to this with real world data.  I was able to reproduce the problem in the AdventureWorks2012 database and will use that data as my example.

The problem is that I want to get the current position of an employee.  Some employees have held more than one position or a position in more than one department.

I need a list of the employees with their current position:

businessentityid,firstname, lastname, jobtitle, department name and startdate.

I'll need to get the data from 3 tables.

Person.Person
HumanResources.EmployeeDepartmentHistory
HumanResources.Department

tables, with the fields I need
Here is the code that I have come up with so far, but it is incorrect.

USE adventureworks2012 

SELECT humanresources.employeedepartmenthistory.businessentityid, 
       person.person.firstname, 
       person.person.lastname, 
       humanresources.employee.jobtitle, 
       humanresources.department.name AS DepartmentName, 
       humanresources.employeedepartmenthistory.startdate 
FROM   humanresources.employeedepartmenthistory 
       JOIN humanresources.department 
         ON humanresources.department.departmentid = 
            humanresources.employeedepartmenthistory.departmentid 
       JOIN humanresources.employee 
         ON humanresources.employee.businessentityid = 
            humanresources.employeedepartmenthistory.businessentityid 
       JOIN person.person 
         ON person.businessentityid = 
            humanresources.employeedepartmenthistory.businessentityid 

Open in new window


Here is the output.

Notice that Rob Walters is listed with both departments.  Rob is one of the employees that has held a position in more than 1 department.  There are others too.

sample output
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Comment
Question by:Jeff Darling
  • 2
  • 2
4 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

by:
Paul earned 2000 total points
ID: 39603451
one method would be to use row_number() to lodate the "most recent record" by using the order "startsate DESC":
USE adventureworks2012

SELECT
        hremphist.businessentityid
      , person.person.firstname
      , person.person.lastname
      , humanresources.employee.jobtitle
      , humanresources.department.name AS DepartmentName
      , hremphist.startdate
FROM (
                SELECT
                        businessentityid
                      , departmentid
                      , startdate
                      , ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY businessentityid ORDER BY startdate DESC) AS rn
                FROM humanresources.employeedepartmenthistory
        ) AS hremphist
        JOIN humanresources.department
                ON humanresources.department.departmentid = hremphist.departmentid
        JOIN humanresources.employee
                ON humanresources.employee.businessentityid = hremphist.businessentityid
        JOIN person.person
                ON person.businessentityid = hremphist.businessentityid
WHERE hremphist.rn = 1
;

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LVL 13

Author Comment

by:Jeff Darling
ID: 39603754
Thank you. That is exactly what I needed!  

I see how the relationship between the rn and the start date works by looking at the inline query that you created.

SELECT
                        businessentityid
                      , departmentid
                      , startdate
                      , ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY businessentityid ORDER BY startdate DESC) AS rn
                FROM humanresources.employeedepartmenthistory

Open in new window


Here is the output.  I see how you sorted by startdate DESC which has RN in ascending, then just get where RN=1

output sample 2
0
 
LVL 13

Author Closing Comment

by:Jeff Darling
ID: 39603755
Excellent job. thanks for looking at this on short notice.
0
 
LVL 50

Expert Comment

by:Paul
ID: 39604422
Thnaks. Yes, it is the order by used that produces the wanted rn value. DESC will ive us "the latest record", ASC would give us the earliest record.

Cheers, Paul
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