Proc to return email addresses from ID's

Posted on 2013-11-01
Last Modified: 2013-11-06
I have a checkboxlist bound with id's and names, what I need to do is send an email to everyone selected.

I'm checking for the checked boxes and creating a comma separated list of ID's. I need to convert these ID's into email Addresses from SQL.

In my web app I have a function:

Dim SendToEmails As String = Communication.GetEmailByID("SendToIDs")

This calls a helper function that returns a string of emails, its this I'm having trouble with. I want to convert the stings of ID's into a string of emails that cam be used in the recipient field of the mail object.

Or does anyone have a better way. I can't use the email address as the ID field as not all users will have an email address. (I have to sort this bit out later - I need to know which users didn't get sent am email)

Question by:Andy Green
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LVL 11

Accepted Solution

Louis01 earned 300 total points
ID: 39616299
I use this function:
IF  EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.objects WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID(N'[dbo].[fn_StringToTable]') AND type in (N'FN', N'IF', N'TF', N'FS', N'FT'))
DROP FUNCTION [dbo].[fn_StringToTable]

CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[fn_StringToTable]
   @string VARCHAR(MAX)
 , @delimiter CHAR(1)
RETURNS @output TABLE (data VARCHAR(4000))
      @start INT
    , @end INT
      @start = 1
    , @end = CHARINDEX(@delimiter, @string)
    WHILE @start < LEN(@string) + 1 
        IF @end = 0 
          SET @end = LEN(@string) + 1

        INSERT  INTO @output
                (SUBSTRING(@string, @start, @end - @start))
        SET @start = @end + 1
        SET @end = CHARINDEX(@delimiter, @string, @start)

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to convert the string to a table as follows:
select *
  from myTable
 where ID in (select [data] from dbo.fn_StringToTable('1,2,3'));

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Author Comment

by:Andy Green
ID: 39616827
Thanks, Buts its not the converting the string to a table its to get a string of email addresses bases on the string of id's

LVL 11

Expert Comment

ID: 39617251
Not sure I understand, but let's try this:

Using the same function, and assuming you have a table called MyTable with ID and Email as fields, you can get it by the following sql:

select Email 
  from myTable
 where ID in (select [data] from dbo.fn_StringToTable('1,2,3'));

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Getting the ID's in a table structure allows you to use the IN clause (or EXISTS or INNER JOIN) to filter it from your table.

Hope this helps?
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LVL 32

Expert Comment

by:Ephraim Wangoya
ID: 39619800
Use Louse idea to parse the ids but then create a string of the emails as follows

CREATE FUNCTION fnIDListToEmailList(@IDList varchar(1000))
RETURNS varchar(max)
	DECLARE @ResultVar varchar(max)
	DECLARE @start INT = 1
    DECLARE @end INT= CHARINDEX(',', @IDList)
	WHILE @start < LEN(@IDList) + 1 
        IF @end = 0 
          SET @end = LEN(@IDList) + 1

        select @ResultVar =ISNULL(@ResultVar + ',', '') + emailfield 
        from emailstable
        where id = SUBSTRING(@IDList, @start, @end - @start)
        SET @start = @end + 1
        SET @end = CHARINDEX(',', @IDList, @start)

	-- Return the result of the function
	RETURN @ResultVar


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For a simple test, you can do
select dbo.fnIDListToEmailList('1,2,3,4')

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LVL 12

Assisted Solution

deanvanrooyen earned 200 total points
ID: 39620000
sometimes its better to use the technology as it is intended, use a table value parameter if your not stuck on SQL 2005

if you find your doing this a lot make the tvp generic, e.g. one int column.

this is better than strings a you should really be validating strings if you're passing them into  procs, or at least paramterized.

Author Closing Comment

by:Andy Green
ID: 39627877

Used Louis01 function but like the TVP from deanvanrooyen - going to that a lot.

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