Urgent SSL / TLS vulnerabilities

Posted on 2013-11-01
Last Modified: 2013-11-11
How do I verify if our Windows 2000/2003/2008/2008 R2 are
affected by the 2 vulnerabilities listed below?  The 2 vulnerabilities
notes below just say "Contact the related vendor" which I guess in
our case is Microsoft but we don't have MS support party to contact.

Where to obtain the required patches/fixes for the 2 vulnerabilities below
(if we're running MS Win2000/2003/2008/2008R2 & IIS with https) ?
Pls provide exact URL.

What's the impact on our existing SSL if we apply the recommended patches?

How do I verify that our servers are using TLSv1 / SSLv3 ?

What does CVSS & CVE stands for?  What does the CVSS score tells us?

Item 1
The remote service encrypts traffic using TLS / SSL and permits clients to renegotiate connections. The computational requirements for renegotiating a connection are
asymmetrical between the client and the server, with the server performing several
times more work. Since the remote host does not appear to limit the number of
renegotiations for a single TLS / SSL connection, this permits a client to open several
simultaneous connections and repeatedly renegotiate them, possibly leading to a
denial of service condition.

See Also

Contact the vendor for specific patch information.

Risk Factor

CVSS Base Score

4.3 (CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P)
CVSS Temporal Score

3.9 (CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P)

BID 48626
CVE CVE-2011-1473

XREF OSVDB:73894 Plugin Information:

Publication date: 2011/05/04, Modification date: 2012/11/15

  The remote host is vulnerable to renegotiation DoS over TLSv1 / SSLv3.

 tcp/80  ,  443/tcp
53491 - SSL / TLS Renegotiation DoS


Item 2
42880 - SSL / TLS Renegotiation Handshakes MiTM Plaintext Data Injection

The remote service allows insecure renegotiation of TLS / SSL connections.

The remote service encrypts traffic using TLS / SSL but allows a client to insecurely renegotiate the connection after the initial handshake. An unauthenticated, remote attacker may be able to leverage this issue to inject an arbitrary amount of plaintext into the beginning of the application protocol stream, which could facilitate man-in-the-middle attacks if the service assumes that the sessions before and after renegotiation are from the same 'client' and merges them at the application layer.

See Also

Contact the vendor for specific patch information.

Risk Factor

CVSS Base Score

2.6 (CVSS2#AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N)

CVSS Temporal Score

2.1 (CVSS2#AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N)


BID 36935
Question by:sunhux

Author Comment

Comment Utility
Besides IIS, the other apps that we run are:
a) ASP.Net  & .Net Framework
b) MS HL7
c) Biztalk
d) MS SQL2000, SQL2008, SQL2005
e) MS Windows print services
f)  Sharepoint

Let me know if the above apps are affected by the
2 vulnerabilities as well. Thanks
LVL 76

Assisted Solution

arnold earned 200 total points
Comment Utility
There are registry changes that can be made that will restrict which encryption options are available

There will be no effect on your existing SSL. The issue deals with fewer options offered and accepted by your system to Visitors.
Most current browsers support all the possible options.
LVL 61

Accepted Solution

btan earned 300 total points
Comment Utility
Quick one - CVE (common vulnerability enumeration) states an id for the vulnerability announced publicly and CVSS states the severity of this threat based on the various factor such as confidentiality/Integrity/Availability, and other environmental/time based.

They are very well recognised standard to categorise vulnerability and most vulnerability scanner used that to reflect in the scan report..

Specific to the revealed CVEs (in your case) are below the cvedetail links also stated which are the affected version. As a whole it is pertaining to SSL/TLS renegotiation vulnerability which is found in OpenSSL library and Windows SSL/TLS stack used.

As a whole it is due to the SSL and TLS Authentication Gap vulnerability

More info -

A serious vulnerability has been discovered in the way web servers utilise SSL (and TLS, up to the most recent version, 1.2), effectively allowing an active man-in-the-middle attacker to inject arbitrary content into an encrypted data stream. Both the Apache web server and the IIS have been found to be vulnerable.

The problem is with the renegotiation feature, which allows one part of an encrypted connection (the one taking place before renegotiation) to be controlled by one party with the other part (the one taking place after renegotiation) to be controlled by another.

It is not totally resolved hence it is recommended to disabled it and the issue can be pertaining to the protocol need to better enhance and patch cannot suffice.

a) CVE-2011-1473 which is OpenSSL vulnerability

b) CVE-2009-3555 which is SSL/TLS renegotiation vulnerability
> Microsoft release security bulletin which you can drill into  Vulnerability Information (based on the CVE) and the affected version. The Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer should be able to check if this bulletin is installed in the machine

LVL 61

Assisted Solution

btan earned 300 total points
Comment Utility
Another MS blog that tabled the version of SSL/TLS available in the various OS. Noted that SSL/TLS has a couple of vulnerability.
LVL 14

Expert Comment

by:Giovanni Heward
Comment Utility
The easiest tool is IIS Crypto, verify with Qualys SSL Server Test or SSLScan.

sslscan --no-failed

Open in new window

See attached SSL/TLS Deployment Best Practices.

Featured Post

Highfive Gives IT Their Time Back

Highfive is so simple that setting up every meeting room takes just minutes and every employee will be able to start or join a call from any room with ease. Never be called into a meeting just to get it started again. This is how video conferencing should work!

Join & Write a Comment

A brand new malware strain was recently discovered by security researchers at Palo Alto Networks dubbed “AceDeceiver.” This new strain of iOS malware can successfully infect non-jailbroken devices and jailbroken devices alike.
Cybersecurity has become the buzzword of recent years and years to come. The inventions of cloud infrastructure and the Internet of Things has made us question our online safety. Let us explore how cloud- enabled cybersecurity can help us with our b…
In this seventh video of the Xpdf series, we discuss and demonstrate the PDFfonts utility, which lists all the fonts used in a PDF file. It does this via a command line interface, making it suitable for use in programs, scripts, batch files — any pl…
This video explains how to create simple products associated to Magento configurable product and offers fast way of their generation with Store Manager for Magento tool.

762 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

6 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now