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Merge statement

Posted on 2013-11-03
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Last Modified: 2013-11-04
Hi ,
I am trying to use Merge statement rather than Insert and Update.

I need to know how many rows are inserted and updated.
is there  any way to know which column's value is changed if I have many columns to updated?
Thanks
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Question by:SanPrg
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3 Comments
 
LVL 23

Accepted Solution

by:
Rajkumar Gs earned 2000 total points
ID: 39620805
Use
 OUTPUT $action INTO #SummaryOfChanges;

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with merge statement

Demonstration Code


CREATE TABLE #StudentDetails
 (
 StudentID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
 StudentName VARCHAR(15)
 )
 GO

  INSERT INTO #StudentDetails
 VALUES(1,'SMITH')
 INSERT INTO #StudentDetails
 VALUES(2,'ALLEN')
 INSERT INTO #StudentDetails
 VALUES(3,'JONES')
 INSERT INTO #StudentDetails
 VALUES(4,'MARTIN')
 INSERT INTO #StudentDetails
 VALUES(5,'JAMES')
 GO

 CREATE TABLE #StudentTotalMarks
 (
 StudentID INTEGER ,
 StudentMarks INTEGER
 )
 GO

 INSERT INTO #StudentTotalMarks
 VALUES(1,230)
 INSERT INTO #StudentTotalMarks
 VALUES(2,255)
 INSERT INTO #StudentTotalMarks
 VALUES(3,200)
 GO

 -- Select from Table
 SELECT *
 FROM #StudentDetails
 GO
 SELECT *
 FROM #StudentTotalMarks
 GO
  
  create table #SummaryOfChanges (Change VARCHAR(20));

 -- Merge Statement
 MERGE #StudentTotalMarks AS stm
 USING (SELECT StudentID,StudentName FROM #StudentDetails) AS sd
 ON stm.StudentID = sd.StudentID
 WHEN MATCHED AND stm.StudentMarks > 250 THEN DELETE
 WHEN MATCHED THEN UPDATE SET stm.StudentMarks = stm.StudentMarks + 25
 WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN
 INSERT(StudentID,StudentMarks)
 VALUES(sd.StudentID,25)
 OUTPUT $action INTO #SummaryOfChanges;
 GO
 

SELECT Change, COUNT(*) AS CountPerChange
FROM #SummaryOfChanges
GROUP BY Change;

 -- Clean up
 DROP TABLE #StudentDetails
 GO
 DROP TABLE #StudentTotalMarks
 GO

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Courtesy :-
http://blog.sqlauthority.com/2010/06/08/sql-server-merge-operations-insert-update-delete-in-single-execution/
http://social.msdn.microsoft.com/Forums/sqlserver/en-US/c06e1db4-7fd6-43c4-8569-5335d555dac8/record-count-on-merge-statement-on-insertupdatedelete?forum=transactsql

Raj
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:SanPrg
ID: 39621848
Thanks
0
 
LVL 23

Expert Comment

by:Rajkumar Gs
ID: 39623317
you are welcome
0

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