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Build a Web page to be seen on PC, Tablet, iPhone & Inteligent phone

Posted on 2013-11-08
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Hi Experts,

I need to build a web page that fits well on PC, Tablet, iPhone & Inteligent phone, I have built some Web pages some time ago but never tested on diferent devices other than PC, so I don't know how to do it to fit on those devices.

Any advice is welcome and thank's in advance.
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Question by:elm9999
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Scott Fell,  EE MVE earned 1600 total points
ID: 39634964
You want to create a responsive site.  In short, this means the web page will reconfigure based on the viewport (desktop wide vs desktop narrow vs tablet vs phone).  This is done with @mediaqueries and takes a little more thought than you may be used to.    https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/Guide/CSS/Media_queries

Basically you use something like below to change the width of a div based on the screen size.  You can change just about any element you can touch with css.  

@media (min-width: 300px) {
 div.some_class{width:150px;}

}
@media (min-width: 700px) {
 div.some_class{width:300px;}

}

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I like using http://getbootstrap.com/ and http://foundation.zurb.com/ as a base for my projects.  You don't have to reinvent the wheel each time and there is a built in css grid to make things easy for you along with other goodies you may like.  
http://getbootstrap.com/css/#grid  In bootstrap a responsive set of divs may look like below.  You can see there are multiple classes in each div.  One for small screen (sm) or medium (md) screen etc.  It looks confusing at first, but you quickly get the hang of it.   In the example below, the first div is 5 columns wide on the small screen and 6 columns wide on a medium screen or wider.
<div class="row">
  <div class="col-sm-5 col-md-6">.col-sm-5 .col-md-6</div>
  <div class="col-sm-5 col-sm-offset-2 col-md-6 col-md-offset-0">.col-sm-5 .col-sm-offset-2 .col-md-6 .col-md-offset-0</div>
</div>

<div class="row">
  <div class="col-sm-6 col-md-5 col-lg-6">.col-sm-6 .col-md-5 .col-lg-6</div>
  <div class="col-sm-6 col-md-5 col-md-offset-2 col-lg-6 col-lg-offset-0">.col-sm-6 .col-md-5 .col-md-offset-2 .col-lg-6 .col-lg-offset-0</div>
</div>

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For reference, bootstrap's code
Extra small devices Phones (<768px)
 Small devices Tablets (=768px)
 Medium devices Desktops (=992px)
Large devices Desktops (=1200px)
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Author Closing Comment

by:elm9999
ID: 39634988
Thank you so much padas,

I will review the links and now I have an idea about it!

:)
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LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Scott Fell, EE MVE
ID: 39635264
Start with bootstrap.  There are a lot of templates now that use bootstrap as a base.  Good luck on your projects.
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