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Mysql query syntax

Posted on 2013-11-11
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Last Modified: 2013-11-11
TableA
--------------------
productID,Name
1,hat
2,cup
3,pen

TableB
----------------------
orderID, productID, qtyOrdered, custID
1,1,10,1
2,1,10,1
3,3,30,1

TableC
----------------
custID, Name
1,jones

select a.productName,c.Name, sum(b.qtyOrdered) as qSum from TableA a
left join TableB b on a.productID=b.productID
left join TableC c on b.custID=c.custID
group by a.productID

returns
Hat,20,Jones
Pen,30,Jones

I want the following result
Hat,20,Jones
Cup,0,Null
Pen,30,Jones

What I want is to return a quantity of zero where no orders were placed for a product?

How do I do this ?
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Question by:joomla
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6 Comments
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:warddhooghe
ID: 39638492
Assuming you dont want to left join your customer's table (C) the solution could be to do the sum in a subquery inner joining B and C, then left/right join it with your products table (A)
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Author Comment

by:joomla
ID: 39638502
Can you give me an example of how to construct that statement ?
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LVL 44

Expert Comment

by:Chris Stanyon
ID: 39638591
There's a function in MySQL called COALESCE that you can use to return 0 instead of NULL, but the bigger issue is with the logic in your SQL. You are grouping on ProductID, but showing the customer ID, so if 10 different customer each ordered 10 particular products, you show a SUM of 100 for the first customer - not sure that's what you want (you may need to group on the customer ID as well):

SELECT a.productName, COALESCE(SUM(b.qtyOrdered),0) AS qSum, c.Name FROM TableA a
LEFT JOIN TableB b ON a.productID=b.productID
LEFT JOIN TableC c ON b.custID=c.custID
GROUP BY a.productID, b.custID

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Author Comment

by:joomla
ID: 39638599
thanks, I didn't know of 'coalesce' and appreciate you pointing out the need for extra grouping.

with this syntax you provided, I would assume that record in tableA without matching record in tableB would not be shown ?
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LVL 44

Accepted Solution

by:
Chris Stanyon earned 1000 total points
ID: 39638617
No. Because of the LEFT join, all records from TableA will be shown (even if they have no matching record on TableB)- that's the whole point of a LEFT join.

In your original question, that's what you asked for:

What I want is to return a quantity of zero where no orders were placed for a product?
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:joomla
ID: 39638625
Brilliant
thanks for your help
regards
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