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Uniqueidentifier vs. int identity(1,1):   Discuss.

Posted on 2013-11-12
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Last Modified: 2013-11-13
So I'm being thrown at a Microsoft Dynamics CRM application, and I see that all the PK / FK's are uniqueidentifier, and not the int identity(1,1) I've seen on almost every other application I've worked with.

Question:  What is the advantage of uniqueidentifier, as opposed to int identity(1,1) ?

Thanks in advance.
Jim
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Question by:Jim Horn
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Expert Comment

by:Ashok
ID: 39642250
One advantage a GUID has is that it tends to be unique even across databases, but it's a performance and space hit in most applications.

int identity(1,1) uses less space and sequential so it is faster.
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by:Aneesh Retnakaran
Aneesh Retnakaran earned 75 total points
ID: 39642293
Only advantage occurs when you insert data from different servers / databases; as the uniqueidentifier is unique, there wont be any issues while inserting the data; other than this, it makes the database larger.  (16bytes  vs 4 bytes , that means per row 12 bytes extra for unique identifier  )
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by:Ashok
Ashok earned 25 total points
ID: 39642299
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by:Ashok
ID: 39642326
Identity does an auto update whereas uniqueidentifier is data specific.
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by:Kdo
Kdo earned 125 total points
ID: 39642331
Another drawback to unique vs. identity is performance.  

The most efficient join key is an integer.  The least efficient is a string.  On large tables, the joins will be noticeably slower on a unique identifier than on an integer join.
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ScottPletcher earned 275 total points
ID: 39642430
The use of all GUIDs and/or IDENTITYs is a lazy dodge to proper table designs.

A GUID is worse, of course, because of its randomness and extreme length.

But, contrary to general assumptions, often a natural key of the proper type will perform vastly better on joins than a meaningless identity.  Parent/child joins can be especially faster when clustering the child rows first on the parent's key.
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by:Kdo
Kdo earned 125 total points
ID: 39642466
>> The use of all GUIDs and/or IDENTITYs is a lazy dodge to proper table designs.

That's not really true.  The data can be organized and stored to be most advantageous.  An identity just enumerates the data and becomes the fastest join key.  Dimension tables in a star schema are a good example.


Kent
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by:ScottPletcher
ScottPletcher earned 275 total points
ID: 39642751
We're talking OLTP not OLAP.

I think it's lazy to assume that the proper clustering key for ALL data at ALL times is a meaningless, auto-generated number.  I'm glad the Contacts on my phone are ordered by Name and not by the order I added them.
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by:Kdo
Kdo earned 125 total points
ID: 39642843
If your phone book is joined to other demographics, the join will be faster if there's an identity column in the phone book and the join is performed on the scalar integer identity key than on the composite string key that is last, first.
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Author Closing Comment

by:Jim Horn
ID: 39645060
Thanks all.  Points awarded based on perspective that I counldn't find with a standard Google search.  -Jim
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