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size_t

Posted on 2013-11-13
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Last Modified: 2013-11-22
Hi

I am trying to see what the implementation definition  of size_t is in my project. I tried searching by typedef.*size_t and also using.*size_t but I found no results. Could size_t be defined by default somewhere? I expected to see it in a (C++) header file and I was expecting it to be programmer defined.

Am i incorrect in assuming it is defined for the project by the programmer? And if so, where else should I be looking for its definition?

thanks
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Question by:LuckyLucks
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4 Comments
 
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sarabande earned 2000 total points
ID: 39645670
it depends on your compiler whether it is a built-in type like int or double or if it was a typedef.

at windows platform the vc compiler defines it in a c++ header like

#ifndef _SIZE_T_DEFINED
#ifdef  _WIN64
typedef unsigned __int64    size_t;
#else
typedef _W64 unsigned int   size_t;
#endif
#define _SIZE_T_DEFINED
#endif

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by use of sizeof you would find out whether it is 32-bit or 64-bit. newer compilers always should use 64-bit. signed or unsigned you may find out by assigning -1 and 0 to size_t variables and compare them.

Sara
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Expert Comment

by:jkr
ID: 39645690
>>I am trying to see what the implementation definition  of size_t is in my project

What about

std::cout << "The size of 'size_t' is " << sizeof(size_t) << std::endl;

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or

printf("The size of 'size_t' is %d\n", sizeof(size_t));

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respectively?
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Expert Comment

by:Murugesan Nagarajan
ID: 39653105
It depends upon the search command being used to find size_t
I have used the following command in my Linux machine:
/usr/bin/find /usr/include/ -type f -name "*.h" -exec /bin/egrep -l "typedef.*unsigned long.*size_t" {} \;

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/usr/include/asm-x86_64/posix_types.h

/usr/bin/find /usr/include/ -type f -name "*.h" -exec /bin/egrep "typedef.*unsigned long.*size_t" {} \;

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typedef unsigned long   __kernel_size_t;

/usr/bin/find /usr/include/ -type f -name "*.h" -exec /bin/egrep -l "typedef.*__kernel_size_t.*size_t" {} \;

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/usr/include/linux/types.h

/usr/bin/find /usr/include/ -type f -name "*.h" -exec /bin/egrep "typedef.*__kernel_size_t.*size_t" {} \;

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typedef __kernel_size_t         size_t;


My machine details:
/bin/cat /etc/redhat-release

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CentOS release 5.5 (Final)

/bin/uname -sm

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Linux x86_64
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Expert Comment

by:Murugesan Nagarajan
ID: 39653112
Knowing the type of size_t using gdb

$ /bin/cat  know_Type_size_t.c

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#include <stdio.h>
int main( )
{
        size_t checkThisType = 0;
        printf( "%d\n", checkThisType);
        return 0;
}

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Compilation:
/usr/bin/gcc -g know_Type_size_t.c -o a.out

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With or without "-o a.out" above, binary name created is a.out



/usr/bin/gdb -q a.out
(gdb) break main
Breakpoint 1 at 0x4004a0: file know_Type_size_t.c, line 4.
(gdb) run
Starting program: a.out
Breakpoint 1, main () at know_Type_size_t.c:4
4               size_t checkThisType = 0;
(gdb) ptype checkThisType
type = long unsigned int

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Using dbx, use the following instead of "break main"
stop in main

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