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Cisco VLAN ACLs

Posted on 2013-11-15
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Last Modified: 2014-04-17
The goal: Without needing a new VLAN and renumbering devices, only allowing printing via the print server(s) and not directly to the network printers.

The problem: I'm not sure what to put into the access-list. ACLs are not my strength. Of course, I do not have a test network available so I need to be more confident in this before I deploy it and break the production network. So, your help is appreciated.

Clients (Mac, Windows, whatever) need to be able to reach the print servers as well as other devices on the network. The only thing we want to block is printing directly from end-user devices.

Where I am so far: (10.20.30.x will be the print servers)
ip access-list extended restrictPrinting
permit ip 10.20.30.0 0.0.0.255 any
deny ip any any eq 631
deny ip any any eq 9100

vlan access-map VLAN10ACL 10
match ip address restrictPrinting
action drop

vlan filter VLAN10ACL vlan-list 10

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Thanks in advance!
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Question by:A-p-u
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5 Comments
 
LVL 22

Expert Comment

by:eeRoot
ID: 39652173
There are several ports used by a print server to send print jobs, as well as monitor the printers for status, ink levels, etc.  You can use an app like TCP Eye to see what ports are used by your print server when connecting to printers.  Then create the ACL to allow those ports to connect from your print server's IP.  All ACL's end with an explicit deny-all, so after allowing the traffic from the print server, all other traffic will be dropped.
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Author Comment

by:A-p-u
ID: 39666869
The implicit deny all at the end of the ACL will block all other traffic on the network, correct?  We need an "allow all except" scenario instead of a "allow X, deny everything else" config.
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Expert Comment

by:eeRoot
ID: 39672155
Since ACL's work based on the order of the rules, the statement to allow traffic from the print server needs to listed first, then the explicit deny-all would block everything else.
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Accepted Solution

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A-p-u earned 0 total points
ID: 39904948
We ended up renumbering the printers. The deny-all was making the ACL difficult to manage.
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Author Closing Comment

by:A-p-u
ID: 40006108
Changing our plans on how to filter traffic allowed for the least surprise by future network administrators.
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