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union & order by

Posted on 2013-11-17
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Last Modified: 2013-11-18
Hi there,
There are 2 SELECT statements joined by UNION.
The ORDER BY comes at the end.
The question is:  Can I  also put an ORDER BY after every SELECT? If I can, does that help the performance?

eg:

SELECT * FROM (SELECT  * FROM TABLE1  ) ORDER BY ID DESC LIMIT 500 ) AS T1
UNION ALL
SELECT * FROM (SELECT  * FROM TABLE2  ) ORDER BY ID  DESC LIMIT 500 ) AS T2
ORDER BY DATETIME DESC
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Question by:myyis
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Steve Bink earned 2000 total points
ID: 39655363
MySQL 5.5 Reference Manual :: 13.2.9.4. UNION Syntax

Most of that article pertains to the use of ORDER BY with UNION.

As a sidenote, if you want to improve performance, remove the double-SELECT from your statements:
(SELECT * FROM TABLE1 ORDER BY ID DESC LIMIT 500)
UNION ALL
(SELECT * FROM TABLE2 ORDER BY ID DESC LIMIT 500)
ORDER BY DATETIME DESC

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To further improve performance, don't "SELECT *" - identify the columns you need and include only those columns in your field list.
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