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Codeigniter - custom form validation...

Posted on 2013-11-20
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Last Modified: 2013-11-28
Hi,

I have tried to follow a couple of posts about this, but either they are incomplete or don't work for me.

Here's my issue:
I am allowing a user to register and collect their date of birth in 3 separate fields.

I need to check the date entered to make sure they are over 18, and I would like to generate a standard validation error if not.  So this is not a rule I can attach to one field as it's 3 fields, that I will need to make into a timestamp and validate.

Can anyone help?

Cris.
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Question by:CrisThompsonUK
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Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 39663421
You may not need to collect three fields.  See practical application #1 in this article
http://www.experts-exchange.com/Web_Development/Web_Languages-Standards/PHP/A_201-Handling-date-and-time-in-PHP-and-MySQL.html

Basically anything that is a valid date can be converted to a UNIX timestamp with PHP strtotime().  And once you have a timestamp you can compare it to time().

Example here: http://www.laprbass.com/RAY_strtotime.php?s=-18+years
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Author Comment

by:CrisThompsonUK
ID: 39668372
Thanks Ray.

I'm familiar with all the PHP necessary to do the checking, I just need a codeigniter pointer to work out how to trigger a standard codeigniter validation error.

There don't seem to be any CI bods on here...

Cris.
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Expert Comment

by:FishMonger
ID: 39669618
You need to create a callback function to be used in the CI validation rule that validates the 3 fields and sets the custom error message if the validation fails.
Callbacks: Your own Validation Functions

You could either apply the callback function to all 3 fields, or just a single field since the function itself will handle the validation of all 3 fields.
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Accepted Solution

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FishMonger earned 500 total points
ID: 39669649
Here's an example from one of my controller scripts.
    $this->form_validation->set_rules('cd-key[0]', '1st CD-Key', 'callback_isValid_cd_key');
    $this->form_validation->set_rules('cd-key[1]', '2nd CD-Key', 'callback_isValid_cd_key');
    $this->form_validation->set_rules('cd-key[2]', '3rd CD-Key', 'callback_isValid_cd_key');
    $this->form_validation->set_rules('cd-key[3]', '4th CD-Key', 'callback_isValid_cd_key');
    $this->form_validation->set_rules('cd-key[4]', '5th CD-Key', 'callback_isValid_cd_key');

# further down in the script
    function isValid_cd_key($field)
    {
        if  ($_POST['OS'] == 'Windows' && preg_match('/[^a-z0-9]/i', $field) or strlen($field) != 5) {
            $this->form_validation->set_message('isValid_cd_key', 'The %s field must be exactly 5 characters long and only contain letters and numbers');
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

Open in new window

My function is only checking a single field, but it could just as easily check all 5 fields in a single call.
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Author Closing Comment

by:CrisThompsonUK
ID: 39683219
Thanks Fishmonger.

This is what I did in the end, just attaching the callback to one field.

I think I was asking if you can trigger a validation error without attaching a callback to a field validation...

Is there much CI action here on EE, I have also recently been posting in to the CI forums...
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Expert Comment

by:FishMonger
ID: 39683658
I'm not sure how much CI questions come through.  

For the most part I focus on the Perl questions.  I really don't like working with PHP, but my company wants me to do all of my web coding in it simply because the others in our team don't know Perl.
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