Position of a point with respect to a line

Given a point (x,y)
and a line defined by (x1, y1) and (x2, y2)

what is the distance between the point and the line? and
what is the check whether the point lies within the end points?
All in terms of x's and y's for plugging in a computer program.
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Saqib Husain, SyedEngineerAsked:
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ozoCommented:
distance = |(x1-x)(y2-y)-(x2-x)(y1-y)|/sqrt((x1-x2)^2+(y1-y2)^2)

when ((x1-x2)*(x-x2)+(y1-y2)*(y-y2))/((x1-x2)*(x1-x2)+(y1-y2)*(y1-y2)) is between 0 and 1, the point is within the end points
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ozoCommented:
What does "within the end points" mean?
Is it a region bounded by lines through (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) perpendicular to the line between (x1, y1) and (x2, y2)?
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Saqib Husain, SyedEngineerAuthor Commented:
Yes
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Saqib Husain, SyedEngineerAuthor Commented:
On a drawing, they are texts written next to lines at a defined distance.
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d-glitchCommented:
There is a formula for the distance from a point to a line (not a line segment).

       http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distance_from_a_point_to_a_line

You would have to convert your line segment into the   ax + by + c = 0 form.
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Saqib Husain, SyedEngineerAuthor Commented:
Great, thanks. Working perfectly.
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