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NoCheck Constraint

Posted on 2013-12-11
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Last Modified: 2013-12-11
This is more a question to make sure I am doing this right.

I have a table, let's call it "clicks"

click_id int PK
product_id int  

I am trying to correct an error from a previous time where the product_id was set to default to zero.  I have a table of "products" and need to set the product_id to a null default in "clicks", remove the default constraint of 0 from "clicks" and then foreign key product_id in "clicks" to product_id in "products".

All is well with removing the constraint.  However, I have 50,000,000 rows of "clicks" historical data with a 0 in the product_id.  The job of sanitizing this data to update all the 0's to null is too big for now.  

Question - If I create the FK with a NOCHECK Constraint would I have the correct FK structure going forward and have the DB basically ignore the legacy data (for now)?

Later, I can run the scripts to fix the legacy data and then alter the FK to be correct and check the constraint.

Am I on the right path?
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Question by:ccleebelt
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4 Comments
 
LVL 9

Accepted Solution

by:
QuinnDex earned 250 total points
ID: 39712077
a defualt constraint works on newly added or up dated data, existing data will not be checked by it unles you up date it, in which case you can add a trigger to change the 0 to a null value thus reducing the update task ahead
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Author Comment

by:ccleebelt
ID: 39712111
So basically, if I put the WITH NOCHECK ADD CONSTRAINT in the alter script when creating the FK the relationship it is bound going forward, but legacy data would be ignored then eh?

In other words, I get the FK between the tables for data from this point forward, but the legacy data would just not perform as well?
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LVL 69

Assisted Solution

by:Scott Pletcher
Scott Pletcher earned 250 total points
ID: 39712529
Yes, that's basically it: if you add the constraint with NOCHECK, then until/unless you update the product_id column in the "clicks" table, it won't be checked.  But any newly inserted row will be.

Rather than a trigger, I'd just start UPDATEing "clicks" rows in batches, setting any product_id = 0 to NULL.  A NULL value in a column will cause the fk check to be ignored/bypassed.
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Author Comment

by:ccleebelt
ID: 39712733
yep, the plan is to get this going and then once all the product_ids are set to null (in batches) run the ALTER TABLE clicks WITH CHECK CHECK CONSTRAINT ALL so it is trusted.
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