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Sort onclick, resort onclick

Posted on 2013-12-13
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Last Modified: 2013-12-13
I have the following code that organizes a table of information.  You can click the heading of each row and that row will be ordered Alphabetically ASC.  I want to add to the functionality.  The first time you click, the row is ordered ASC.  If you click it again, It is ordered DESC.  How do I do that?

$sort = (isset($_GET['sort'])) ? $_GET['sort'] : 'an';		
		// Determine the sorting order:
switch ($sort) {
	case 'an':
		$order_by = 'asset_name ASC';
		break;
	case 'at':
		$order_by = 'asset_type ASC';
		break;	
	case 'ad':
		$order_by = 'asset_desc ASC';
		break;
	case 'ph':

	default:
		$order_by = 'asset_name ASC';
		$sort = 'an';
		break;
}


		$sql = "SELECT asset_id, asset_name, asset_type, asset_desc, color
				FROM assets
				ORDER BY $order_by";
		$asset = $pdo->prepare($sql);		

// Table header:
echo '<fieldset><table align="left" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" width="95%" class="content">
<tr>
	<td align="left"><b>Delete</b></td>
	<td align="left"><b>Edit</b></td>
	<td align="left"><b><a href="view_assets.php?sort=an">Asset Name</a></b></td>
	<td align="left"><b><a href="view_assets.php?sort=at">Asset Type</a></b></td>
	<td align="left"><b><a href="view_assets.php?sort=ad">Asset Description</a></b></td>
</tr>
';

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Question by:rgranlund
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3 Comments
 
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Ray Paseur earned 500 total points
ID: 39717934
There are several ways to do this.  You could remember the previous sort order in the session, but a more user-friendly design might allow the client to choose whether to sort ASC or DESC.  You can use a pair of links in the column header to indicate the sort order.
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LVL 110

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 39717971
This is an excerpt from a client script. I do not have a teaching example yet, but maybe you can follow the design pattern.  The URL has an argument "o=" that tells the sorting order.

// THE LIST ALLOWS FOR SORTING
$url = $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'];
$sig = !empty($_GET['o']) ? $_GET['o'] : NULL;
switch (strtolower($sig))
{
    case 'ia':
        $sql = 'SELECT * FROM payments ORDER BY invoice_number, txn_id';
        break;
    case 'id':
        $sql = 'SELECT * FROM payments ORDER BY invoice_number DESC, txn_id ASC';
        break;
    case 'ta':
        $sql = 'SELECT * FROM payments ORDER BY txn_id, invoice_number';
        break;
    case 'td':
        $sql = 'SELECT * FROM payments ORDER BY txn_id DESC, invoice_number ASC';
        break;
    default:
        $sql = 'SELECT * FROM payments ORDER BY invoice_number, txn_id';
        break;
}
if (!$res = $mysqli->query($sql))
{
    $err
    = 'QUERY FAILURE:'
    . ' ERRNO: '
    . $mysqli->errno
    . ' ERROR: '
    . $mysqli->error
    . ' QUERY: '
    . $sql
    ;
    trigger_error($err, E_USER_ERROR);
}
$out = <<<EOD
<table>
<tr>
<th class="pid">Pmt Id</th>
<th class="pin"><a href="$url?o=ia">&#8657;</a> Invoice Number <a href="$url?o=id">&#8659;</a></th>
<th class="tin"><a href="$url?o=ta">&#8657;</a> Transaction Id <a href="$url?o=td">&#8659;</a></th>
<th class="amt">Amount</th>
</tr>
EOD;

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Author Closing Comment

by:rgranlund
ID: 39717983
It makes sense to add directional arrows.  The second example is not as clear "why".
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