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Powershell DSquery variable

Posted on 2013-12-17
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Last Modified: 2013-12-18
Hello,

Can anyone help me convert the following into a variable on the user domain part? I need to be able to launch this powershell command from any child domain or even the root domain. So basically the variable would take into account the current domain and fill in the blanks.
DSQUERY USER "OU=cars-USERS,OU=cars,OU=ACCOUNTS,DC=cars,DC=automobiles,DC=roads,DC=CA" -limit 999 | DSGET USER -SAMID | % {$_.Trim()} | select -Skip 1 | Out-File -encoding utf8 userslist.txt

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What this does is it queries the OU and exports a list of users into a text file. it works perfectly. How can I get this command into a variable so i can launch it from any child domain?
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Question by:levertm
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Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 39724554
You could probably go with:
$domain = (gwmi WIN32_ComputerSystem).Domain

This will give you the domain of the computer it is being run on.


You can then split the domain fqdn if you need to.
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Author Comment

by:levertm
ID: 39724605
How does that fit into my current command? Sorry im kind of new to powershell.
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Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 39724713
Something like this should work:

$domain = (gwmi WIN32_ComputerSystem).Domain
$FQDN = "DC=" + $Domain -Replace("\.",",DC=")
DSQUERY USER "OU=cars-USERS,OU=cars,OU=ACCOUNTS,$FQDN" -limit 999 | DSGET USER -SAMID | % {$_.Trim()} | select -Skip 1 | Out-File -encoding utf8 userslist.txt

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Author Comment

by:levertm
ID: 39724839
That works for the Domain part, thanks. How about the OU part, how can I turn that into a variable as well? As you'll notice the "cars-users" OU matches the "DC=cars" part if that makes sense? I need that first OU container to be a variable.
$domain = (gwmi WIN32_ComputerSystem).Domain
$FQDN = "DC=" + $Domain -Replace("\.",",DC=")
DSQUERY USER "OU=cars-USERS,OU=cars,OU=ACCOUNTS,$FQDN" -limit 999 | DSGET USER -SAMID | % {$_.Trim()} | select -Skip 1 | Out-File -encoding utf8 userslist.txt

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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 39724869
How do you plan to pipe in the OU variable (list of OUs from a text file ?) ?

Have you thought of just looking at using AD cmdlets ?
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Author Comment

by:levertm
ID: 39724900
Hmm not sure, I just know the first OU "cars-users" matches the domain name "cars", would there not be a way to add a variable "%domainname-users%" or something similar?
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Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 39725097
ok so if I am reading you correctly you want to:

1) Find all the OUs in accounts, e.g.
OU=cars,OU=ACCOUNTS,$FQDN"

2) Create a query based on each childOU found in the parent e.g
OU=cars-USER

3) Query that OUS for a list of all the  users in the child OU
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Author Comment

by:levertm
ID: 39725727
I think so if I understand your steps. To make it clearer I need to be able to run this on any given child domain. In this case the domain is called cars, so the first OU is called "cars-users" .With your first modification I'm able to get the domain "cars" via the variable, I now need to add a variable for the first you "cars-users" as the other OU such as "accounts" is same throughout the other child domains.

To conclude,  there might be a domain called "trucks" and its first OU would be "trucks-users".. The script would need to work in this domain as well.
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Author Comment

by:levertm
ID: 39727209
To make it even easier... I just need to replace "Cars-users" with "Domainname-users"

I tried

"$Domain-users" but in theory that would give me "xxx.yyy.ca-users" correct? I just need "xxx-users"

Hope this makes it easier :)
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Accepted Solution

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becraig earned 500 total points
ID: 39727305
Ok this is a little dirty but should do what you need:
if the child OU under Accounts matches the domain as well you should be able to just use $use[0] for that value.


$domain = (gwmi WIN32_ComputerSystem).Domain
$use= $domain.split(".")
$user = $use[0]  + "-USERS"
$FQDN = "DC=" + $Domain -Replace("\.",",DC=")
DSQUERY USER "OU=$user,OU=cars,OU=ACCOUNTS,$FQDN" -limit 999 | DSGET USER -SAMID | % {$_.Trim()} | select -Skip 1 | Out-File -encoding utf8 userslist.txt

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Author Comment

by:levertm
ID: 39727428
Worked like magic. Thanks Becraig for the help :)
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