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ASP.NET Web Forms URL Routing

Posted on 2013-12-18
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Last Modified: 2014-01-03
Hello Experts,

I'm using ASP.NET 4.0/4.5 Web Forms (Not MVC) for my website. I would like to be able to drop all of my pages file extensions that use .aspx. Is this possible using URL Routing within ASP.NET Web Forms and if so can someone show me how with code?

I found the following on a website but not sure why it's not working. Perhaps i'm missing something since I don't know what to do anyway. But this is what I have so far.

Global.asax


<%@ Application Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="HaileyHugs" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Routing" %>

<script runat="server">

    void Application_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Code that runs on application startup
        //AuthConfig.RegisterOpenAuth();
        RouteConfig.RegisterRoutes(RouteTable.Routes);
    }

    public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
    {
        routes.MapPageRoute("",
            "about/{action}/{categoryName}",
            "~/author.aspx",
            true,
            new RouteValueDictionary 
            {{"categoryName", "food"}, {"action", "show"}});
    }

    void Application_End(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        //  Code that runs on application shutdown

    }

    void Application_Error(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Code that runs when an unhandled error occurs

    }

</script>

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Website Structure listed below:

default.aspx (main page)

about (folder)
    author.aspx
    bob.aspx

news (folder)
    default.aspx
    article.aspx
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Question by:asp_net2
  • 3
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5 Comments
 
LVL 16

Expert Comment

by:Vikram Singh Saini
Comment Utility
Hi,

In your web.config file, did you added following elements or tags in <configuration> tags.

<configuration>
      <system.webServer>
          <modules runAllManagedModulesForAllRequests="true"/>
     </system.webServer>
</configuration>

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0
 
LVL 4

Author Comment

by:asp_net2
Comment Utility
No, I did not have that in my web.config file but I did at it and I'm getting the following error message below and not no pages will load within my local IIS or even when I run the page from VS.

Error Msg:

HTTP Error 500.19 - Internal Server Error

The requested page cannot be accessed because the related configuration data for the page is invalid.

Error Msg points to this line:

<modules runAllManagedModulesForAllRequests="true" />


Not sure if this matters but as of now I'm using ASP.NET 4.0 Web Forms.
0
 
LVL 16

Expert Comment

by:Vikram Singh Saini
Comment Utility
Hi,

Undo my previous suggestion from your web.config file.

Use this link - Introducing ASP.NET FriendlyUrls - cleaner URLs, easier Routing, and Mobile Views for ASP.NET Web Forms

I would say Wow for the above link. It just take two minutes to solve your problem. I tested it and works fine from VS debugging.

But failed on IIS 5.1 on XP. Might work on IIS 6+.
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LVL 4

Author Comment

by:asp_net2
Comment Utility
Ok, little confused why you would need to do all of that. Since my last post I looked at a book called "Apress Pro ASP.NET 4.5 Csharp 5th edition" and found the following below which I had working now.

public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
        {
            routes.MapPageRoute("default", "", "~/default.aspx");
            routes.MapPageRoute("about-author", "author", "~/about/author.aspx");
            routes.MapPageRoute("about-hailey", "hailey", "~/about/hailey.aspx");
        }

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So I just need to add http://mydomain.com/hailey and http://mydomain.com/author and it removes the .aspx file extension.
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LVL 16

Accepted Solution

by:
Vikram Singh Saini earned 500 total points
Comment Utility
Ok, little confused why you would need to do all of that

Simply speaking to avoid writing custom map page routes for any of pages (or bunch of existing pages in website in any folder).

(1) Add line - RouteConfig.RegisterRoutes(RouteTable.Routes); in Application_Start in Global.asax.


(2)
Note the below single line -

public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
        {
           routes.EnableFriendlyUrls();
        }

It will enable urls without .aspx extensions and same works nice for mobile version of website too.

Hope these are sufficient reasons. However you can go with your own custom way if you are happy with it.
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