SBS2011 alternative? Windows Essentials/Exchange/RDP

Now we have a SBS2003 server that we need to replace. I have 10 users (Macs and Windows XP clients) and need to choose a new serversetup. We need a server on location, no Office365. All servers are installed on a DL380gen8 VMware ESX server.


I wan't to buy a Windows server 2012 essentials server
I wan't to install Exchange server 2013
I wan't to install RDP server for 5 users


My Questions:

1.      Can i join my Windows XP clients to the Windows 2012 domain?

2.      Do i need to install a seperate server for Exchange? Can i install Exchange on Server 2012 essentials?

3.      Do i need to install a seperate server for RDP Can i install Exchange on Server 2012 essentials?


4.      Can i combine one server for Exchange and RDP service? Can i install those on Server 2012 essentials?

5.      If i install a RDP server for 5 users. What kind of license/server versions and how many i need to have?
sitproAsked:
Who is Participating?
 
Lee W, MVPConnect With a Mentor Technology and Business Process AdvisorCommented:
1.      Can i join my Windows XP clients to the Windows 2012 domain?
Yes.  But XP is DYING.  April 8 is the last round of updates.  Then you rapidly become horribly exposed to malicious software and attacks.

2.      Do i need to install a seperate server for Exchange? Can i install Exchange on Server 2012 essentials?
Exchange requires a separate server and should be the ONLY service run on that server.

3.      Do i need to install a seperate server for RDP Can i install Exchange on Server 2012 essentials?
RDP cannot be setup on a Server 2012 Essentials system.

4.      Can i combine one server for Exchange and RDP service? Can i install those on Server 2012 essentials?
No - You cannot have RDP share an Exchange or Essentials server.

5.      If i install a RDP server for 5 users. What kind of license/server versions and how many i need to have?
With your described setup, you need:
1 license for Windows Server 2012 Essentials
1 license for Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard
5 RDS 2012 CALs
10 User 2012 CALs

Note: Server 2012 R2 Standard comes with the right to install TWO Virtual Licenses so one license will cover a server for Exchange 2013 and a server for RDS clients.  

DISCLAIMER: Licensing advice offered here is a "best effort" and based on the understanding of the respondents. Licenses can change and we may not be aware of these changes or may misunderstand them. Further, licenses and laws allowing them to be enforced can differ by country and/or region and what we understand to be true in our area could be false in your area.  "they told me on Experts-Exchange" will not be a valid defense in a software audit.  All licensing questions should be confirmed with the appropriate licensing authority (the maker of the software/issuer of the license).
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sitproAuthor Commented:
thx, i understand.

For Exchange licensing i need:

1 Exchange 2013 standaard?
10 Exchange 2013 calls?
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Lee W, MVPTechnology and Business Process AdvisorCommented:
Yes, can't believe I missed that - you need exactly what you stated.
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Lee W, MVPTechnology and Business Process AdvisorCommented:
Another note - buy a volume license for Server 2012 Standard.  You'll need Server 2012 (not 2012 R2) for Exchange 2013 until later next year when an update is released.  Getting the Volume license will allow you to easily obtain media and use downgrade rights.  You can use 2012 R2 for RDS, 2012 (R1) for Exchange, and 2012 Essentials.
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