Solved

# How to make excel use a column based on condition in vlookup

Posted on 2013-12-21
384 Views
I have several columns with different prices for my location codes. I want to use a certain column's price based on the shipping amount. For example, if my amount is less than 100 I would want to use column B's price in the attached spreadsheet. If the amount is greater than 20,000 then I want to use column K. If the amount is 3,500 then I would use column G. How do I do this? I imagine it is some sort of Index Match or a conditional formula in the lookup column of the vlookup. I may have more conditions then the attached example, so I think "IF" is limited to 7 nested formulas so that wouldnt scale. Thanks in advance.
Conditional-Column-Lookup.xlsx
0
Question by:nirajkrishna
• 2
• 2

LVL 50

Expert Comment

ID: 39733621
You can use MATCH to get the column_index of a VLOOKUP, e.g. like this

=VLOOKUP("ATLA",A\$2:K\$300,MATCH(3500,B1:K1)+1,0)

where "ATLA" is the lookup value and 3500 the amount. Obviously you can use cell references for those values e.g. like

=VLOOKUP(M2,A\$2:K\$300,MATCH(N2,B1:K1)+1,0)

where M2 and N2 contain the lookup values

regards, barry
0

Author Comment

ID: 39733665
This is getting close, but if you notice, 3500 is not one of the columns. The columns may or may not have a pattern. I was thinking ROUNDDOWN, but if there is no pattern then I cannot really use a certain place to round down to. I need something like the max column that is still less than the weight that I specify. In your example, I would want it to "think" 3000 is the highest value that is still under 3500 so use that column.
0

LVL 50

Accepted Solution

barry houdini earned 500 total points
ID: 39733704
That's exactly what my suggested formula does. If you use the first formula, i.e.

=VLOOKUP("ATLA",A\$2:K\$100,MATCH(3500,B1:K1)+1,0)

then you get the result 5 because the MATCH part returns 6 and you get

=VLOOKUP("ATLA",A\$2:K\$100,7,0)

so it returns the value from column G as required, i.e. 5

MATCH with no third argument (or 3rd argument set to 1) automatically rounds down to the previous value, so when you MATCH 3500 that matches with 3000

regards, barry
0

Author Closing Comment

ID: 39733859
WHOA! You're right! I took off the +1 after your MATCH and it does work! You rock! And thanks for a pretty gosh darn simple solution!
0

## Featured Post

A little background as to how I came to I design this code: Around 5 years ago I designed an add-in that formatted Excel files to a corporate standard, applying different cell colours and font type depending on whether the cells contained inputs,…
Deploying a Microsoft Access application in a Citrix environment is not difficult but takes a few steps. However, Citrix system people are often of little help, as they typically know next to nothing about Access. The script provided here will take …
This Micro Tutorial demonstrate the bugs in Microsoft Excel for Mac with Pivot Charts.
Polish reports in Access so they look terrific. Take yourself to another level. Equations, Back Color, Alternate Back Color. Write easy VBA Code. Tighten space to use less pages. Launch report from a menu, considering criteria only when it is filled…