powershell need help executing command line program

I think it has to do with single and double quotes. I had the same problem using tiffcp.exe and it took me several days of trial and error to get it working. I was not able to get PDFtk working with variables:
What do you think?
thanks!


$input = 'one.PDF two.PDF'
$options = ' cat output '
$output = ' c:\temp\document.PDF'



#this works:
& pdftk.exe -version

#this does work:
&pdftk.exe one.PDF two.PDF cat output "c:\temp\document.PDF"


#this doesn't work:
& pdftk.exe $input cat output $output
LVL 1
johnj_01201Asked:
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Raheman M. AbdulSenior Infrastructure Support Analyst & Systems DeveloperCommented:
$input = 'one.PDF two.PDF'
$options = ' cat output '
$output = ' c:\temp\document.PDF'

$program = "pdftk.exe"
$arguments = "$input cat output $output"
Start-Process -FilePath "$program" -ArgumentList "$arguments"

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oBdACommented:
This has nothing to do with single and double quotes, but with how Powershell treats arguments. When it parses a command line where you pass variables, and these variables contain spaces, it automatically adds quotes, so if $input is 'one.PDF two.PDF', and you pass that to pdftk.exe, the resulting command line will be pdftk.exe "one.PDF two.PDF".
To run external programs with dynamically built arguments, it's easiest to put the arguments into an array:
$CommandLine = @()
$CommandLine += "one.PDF"
$CommandLine += "two.PDF"
$CommandLine += "cat"
$CommandLine += "output"
$CommandLine += "c:\temp\document.PDF"
& pdftk.exe $CommandLine

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One of the best articles explaining this behavior I've come across so far is this one:
PowerShell and external commands done right
http://edgylogic.com/blog/powershell-and-external-commands-done-right/
johnj_01201Author Commented:
Start-Process simply worked and solved the issue without needing to know how PS works internally. The $CommandLine method did not work and caused a giant sized error message containing dozens of XML errors and I do not know what it meant or where it came from. The points were divided because oBda's link provides great details on how PS runs command line programs and is something I really need to learn when I have more time. It also explains why it took me 3 days to get the previous command line program to work by messing with the double quotes and why the error message always shows a double quote (or two single quotes?) at the end of line that I could not figure out where in my code the extra quote was coming from. THANKS!
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