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Open sql database vb.net

Posted on 2014-01-02
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Last Modified: 2014-01-02
I'm trying to get a grasp of how to perform basic database functions within VB.Net.  Can someone please provide a simple example of how to:
  Open a SQL database
  Perform a simple "SELECT *" query
  Loop through the result set one record at a time
  Perform a conditional on a datafield  (e.g.: IF "datafield" = 1 THEN)
  Close the database

Generic code examples would work fine.

Also, which project references would I need to include in my VB.Net app.

Thanks.
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Question by:TheChos
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4 Comments
 
LVL 52

Expert Comment

by:Carl Tawn
ID: 39751267
In very simple terms you would be looking at something like the following:
Dim cn As New SqlConnection("Your connection string")
Dim cmd As New SqlCommand("SELECT Something FROM SomeTable", cn)

cn.Open()

Dim dr As New SqlDataReader = cmd.ExecuteReader()

While dr.Read()

     If dr.GetInteger(0) = 1 Then
         '// do something
     End If

End While

cn.Close()

Open in new window

Note: Written from memory so may contain syntax errors :)

P.S. This uses the System.Data.SqlClient namespace and the System.Data assembly (which should be referenced in the project by default)
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Author Comment

by:TheChos
ID: 39751339
All works great except that I'm having a little difficulty accessing the fields by name.  Could you send me an example of how to retrieve the value of a field named "ExampleField"?
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LVL 52

Accepted Solution

by:
Carl Tawn earned 500 total points
ID: 39751342
The DataReader exposes a method called GetOrdinal() which return the index of a column from its name. You can build that into your code to get fields by name:
     If dr.GetInt32(dr.GetOrdinal("SomeColumnName")) = 1 Then
         '// do something
     End If

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Author Closing Comment

by:TheChos
ID: 39751385
Worked Great!  Thank you very much.
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