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How to initialize bitwise parameter ?

Posted on 2014-01-03
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Last Modified: 2014-01-03
struct ParameterDef
{
   ....
   /* bit 0 indicates if the parameter is special or not.  It it's special read remaining bit(s)
       to find the specialty. */
   /* bit 0 -   special 1, not special 0
       bit 1 -   map modbus register value to whole number
       bits 2 - 15    -   reserved for future use
  */    
   unsigned short special_param_bits;
}

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There is array of above structure.  

How to initialize special_param_bits variable with symbols instead of numbers ?
For special array entires, I want to indicate that the paramter is special and what specialty it has.  i.e. SPECIAL & MAP_MODBUS_REG
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Question by:naseeam
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4 Comments
 
LVL 86

Assisted Solution

by:jkr
jkr earned 200 total points
ID: 39754594
You already have it, the bitwise AND (&) will help you here

#define SPECIAL 1 // LSB == bit 0, or '1 << 0'
#define MAP_MODBUS_REG (1 << 5) // assuming it is bit 5
ParameterDef pd;

pd.special_param_bits = SPECIAL & MAP_MODBUS_REG;

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Accepted Solution

by:
käµfm³d   👽 earned 300 total points
ID: 39754601
Use the bitwise operators with the appropriate flags. In this case, to set it you will use bitwise OR if you have multiple things to set.

e.g.

const short FLAG_SPECIAL =    0x80000000;
const short FLAG_MAP_MODBUS = 0x40000000;

struct ParameterDef instance;
instance.special_param_bits = FLAG_SPECIAL | FLAG_MAP_MODBUS;

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Each flag needs to be a power of 2 in its value, since each flag's value represents a bit position within the short. Speaking in bits, your flags look like this:

const short FLAG_SPECIAL =    1000 0000 0000 0000;
const short FLAG_MAP_MODBUS = 0100 0000 0000 0000;

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Expert Comment

by:käµfm³d 👽
ID: 39754620
For correctness, jkr's suggestion of bitwise AND is actually incorrect. AND is for querying if a bit has been set; OR is used for setting the bit. In other words, 1 & 0 == 0 whereas 1 | 0 == 1.
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:jkr
ID: 39755587
*Argh*, it of course has to be 'OR', this is embarassing ;o)
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