[Last Call] Learn about multicloud storage options and how to improve your company's cloud strategy. Register Now


Do WiFi Range Extenders Work?

Posted on 2014-01-05
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2016-01-31
My mother lives in an apartment complex. There is a free WiFi network in the building but my mother seems a bit too far away to reliably connect to it. Do range-extenders work? Any suggestions as to which one to purchase? Where should it be placed?
Question by:johnb121
Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
LVL 35

Expert Comment

by:Dan Craciun
ID: 39757584
Wireless repeaters (or range extenders) do work, but you'll have reduced throughput.

Cheapest way is to buy a router that can use open source firmware and install DD-WRT on it. Here's the guide for that: http://www.dd-wrt.com/wiki/index.php/Repeater .

As for position, you'll have to do some testing. It varies greatly, depending on building materials, signal interference etc.

LVL 24

Expert Comment

ID: 39757589
Yes. They work. Look for an inexpensive one.

(Not using one personally, I have no recommendations about the products and models; I generally use Netgear router products, however.)
LVL 14

Expert Comment

ID: 39757617
Have a look at this one from newegg.

TP-LINK TL-WA850RE 300Mbps Universal Wi-Fi Range Extender. Wi-Fi Booster

Fill in the form and get your FREE NFR key NOW!

Veeam® is happy to provide a FREE NFR server license to certified engineers, trainers, and bloggers.  It allows for the non‑production use of Veeam Agent for Microsoft Windows. This license is valid for five workstations and two servers.

LVL 44

Expert Comment

ID: 39757686
If you go with an inexpensive WRT-type router and DD-WRT, you could replace one of the DD-WRT router's antennae with an L-Com RE09P-RTP patch antenna facing the nearest AP from the apartment complex's provided WiFi (it's not really "free" - you can be sure its cost is included in the rent/lease price), then create your virtual interface for the repeater's separate SSID which would use the remaining rubber duck antenna to connect the local client[s] to the internet.

Once you get it all setup, be sure to backup the DD-WRT configuration in case someone finds and uses the 'restore defaults' option in the DD-WRT menus, or tries to 'hack' into accessing the repeated signal by using the recessed reset button (I do not advise disabling that button in DD-WRT's settings)... that way all the settings can be easily restored.
LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:Craig Beck
ID: 39758119
+1 for DD-WRT.

Just be careful if you do mix antenna types... IIRC DD-WRT only supports the ability to use either both (or all) antenna connectors to transmit and receive, or to choose which antenna to transmit and which to receive.  Therefore it's not a good idea to use one connector for the link to the main AP, then the other for the client.  If there's no option to use separate antenna connectors for different SSIDs, don't separate the antennas, and don't just use one antenna either.
LVL 44

Expert Comment

ID: 39758421
I'm not sure what is meant by "Therefore it's not a good idea to use one connector for the link to the main AP, then the other for the client."

I've setup numerous DD-WRT repeaters exactly like that, where the RE09P-RTP is connected to one RP-TNC connector and 'aimed at' the main router/AP, and the stock rubber ducky is on the other RP-TNC connector making local connections to the virtual interface with the repeater SSID. Some have been in place for years without a hiccup.

That patch antenna delivers full speed both TX/RX for a good 60 yards, in my experience, while the stock rubber ducky is lucky to detect the main router/AP's SSID at that distance.

Unless the internet connection on the main router/AP is faster than 12Mb/s or so, the speed reduction, incurred by the radio spending half its time connected to the main SSID and half its time connected to the virtual interface's SSID, is unnoticeable.
LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:Craig Beck
ID: 39758832
The way antenna diversity is supposed to work is to work out the difference in what it hears from the two antennas.  This helps to reduce the effects of noise and interference.

So if you have one antenna which is a 14dBi patch, and a 3dbi ducky you'll lose a lot of what's heard from the patch as the same data was never received on the ducky.

If you think about it, you're connecting two different antennas to one radio.  The radio isn't designed to listen to two clients at the same time - only one as it's using CSMA/CA.  Therefore it's better if you don't do this, especially if the link to the main AP is over a large distance.

To be fair it does give you a service though to a fashion, but it's best to not do this.

Here's Cisco's explanation...

LVL 44

Assisted Solution

Darr247 earned 1000 total points
ID: 39759987
I see... good info, though I think that type of diversity depends on MIMO, which I'm not sure the 802.11g WRT routers employed. Still, the problem specifically described in that technote is using two directional antennae, not one directional and one omni... also they are both using the same SSID; DD-WRT repeaters use a different SSID on the virtual interface to repeat the signal, so the client should not get confused and try to talk directly with the signal to/from the main SSID while 'connected' to the SSID of the virtual interface.
LVL 47

Accepted Solution

Craig Beck earned 1000 total points
ID: 39760018
I get what you mean with the virtual SSIDs, but it's still the same physical access media, so it doesn't work how you'd expect it to work.  The AP still expects to send or receive data on both antennas simultaneously.  In some situations this has been known to break broadcast and multicast transmissions as some APs only transmit out of one antenna.

MIMO on the other hand relies on antenna diversity, so you don't have MIMO unless you have more than one antenna.

If you use one directional antenna and one omni (or even two directional antennas pointing in different directions) you'll see issues as diversity is specifically designed to help with issues arising from multipath, etc.  It's not meant as a means to extend your cell's coverage area.

Featured Post

What does it mean to be "Always On"?

Is your cloud always on? With an Always On cloud you won't have to worry about downtime for maintenance or software application code updates, ensuring that your bottom line isn't affected.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

PRTG Network Monitor lets you monitor your bandwidth usage, so you know who is using up your bandwidth, and what they're using it for.
DECT technology has become a popular standard for wireless voice communication. DECT devices are not likely to be affected by other electronic devices and signals because they operate in a separate frequency-band.
This Micro Tutorial will show you how to maximize your wireless card to its maximum capability. This will be demonstrated using Intel(R) Centrino(R) Wireless-N 2230 wireless card on Windows 8 operating system.
In this brief tutorial Pawel from AdRem Software explains how you can quickly find out which services are running on your network, or what are the IP addresses of servers responsible for each service. Software used is freeware NetCrunch Tools (https…

650 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question