Windows 2003 pdc (and gc) crashed, how to get other dc to authenicate network servers

We have a very old windows 2003 network that we are in the process of upgrading.  However, our PDC crashed.  It also was the GC.  Now half of my users and servers can authenticate, but others can't access any network services.  The exchange 2003 server we have can't start the exchange services.  It gives us a Servier is not Operational error, which I looked up and is related to naming.  

We only have one additional dc.  I'm going to add another, but for right now, I have to get everyone operational.  Can I seize the roles, even though I only have one remaining dc?  I read to not seize them to the same server as the gc.  Right now, there is no gc.  Can I go ahead and seize them, and then add another dc afterwards and make it the GC.  Or do I have to have the GC right now?  Any advice would be greatly apprectiated.
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Jeremy WeisingerSenior Network Consultant / EngineerCommented:
Make the DC a GC now.

If the crashed DC will never be restored and brought online then you should seize the roles. No issues doing it on a GC.

Seizing roles:
Metadata cleanup:

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The short answer is yes... if you know for a fact that the original DC is dead and will never be on the network again then sieze the roles... all of them. Get everything up and running again, and then build and promote a second DC so you have redundancy.

The information about not having a GC on the same machine as an Infrastructure master is what you are referring to... and that information is not entirely concrete.

The reason the GC should not be on the IM is in situations where you have multiple DCs, and not all of them are GCs. In that instance, you specifically do not want the GC to be on the IM because then only the GCs will get information about newly created/deleted objects and replication will not sync properly. HOWEVER.... If ALL of your DCs are also GCs, then it is acceptable to have the GC on the IM.
Jeremy WeisingerSenior Network Consultant / EngineerCommented:
I should also note that the main issue with authentication and functionality is not having a GC available. The FSMO roles could be offline for a bit and no one would notice unless someone did a task that required one of the roles. The most notable would be changing a user password.
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Will SzymkowskiSenior Solution ArchitectCommented:
What I would recommend is if you have an additonal DC make sure that you enable it as a GC (from sites and services). Once that is done do the following...
- Seize the roles to your additional DC
- Make sure that all of your servers and clients and pointing to the ADC for DNS
- Power off your old PDC server (do not power back on after seizer)
- Set the new PDC server as the authoriative time source
- Restart the Exchange services (may require a full reboot)
- Delete the computer account of the old DC
- Perform metadata cleanup after the DC has been removed

Seizing the Roles -
Set PDC Time Source -
Metadata cleanup -

Notes: Your Exchange server will not function without a GC so that is the first step. If some clients are authenticating make sure others are point DNS to the addtional DC you have in your environment.

TOHITAuthor Commented:
Thanks, this is all very helpful.  Will the fact that the original dc with the roles and the gc crashed affect my ability to make the other dc a gc?  I just went into the sites and servers and selected gc for the remaining dc.  I can open the users and computers.  Is that all I need?  I'm still having trouble with my exchange server seeing the domain controller.
No... you can make it a GC without issue... but you also want to seize the roles so the remaining DC can take over as the master for each role.
And AFTER you have the roles and the GC sorted out, and have given enough time for the DC to realize the old machine is no longer there (See the link earlier about metadata cleanup). You'll want to reboot your exchange server so it can re-establish it's connection and start up properly.
Jeremy WeisingerSenior Network Consultant / EngineerCommented:
On the Exchange server make sure it's DNS is configured correctly and then reboot.
Will SzymkowskiSenior Solution ArchitectCommented:
Use the link below which illustrats exactly where to make this change in Sites and Services.

Exchange WILL NOT WORK if your GC is offline. Once you have enabled the additional DC as a GC you will probably need to reboot your Exchange server anyways. Make sure that your Exchange server is only pointing to the additional DC and remove the DNS entry for the old PDC that failed.

Promote DC to GC -

TOHITAuthor Commented:
I have demoted the old server.  However, when we try to log the exchange server on after a reboot, i get the following errors:

I get an event id 1053 and a description of - Windows cannot determine the user or computer name.  

I also get a dnsapi error id 11166 which is described as the system not being able to register host (a) resource records (RR) for adapter.  

Any ideas?
Jeremy WeisingerSenior Network Consultant / EngineerCommented:
It sounds like it's pointing to the wrong DNS server. Is the working DC a DNS server too?
TOHITAuthor Commented:
No, but I'm thinking of making it one.
TOHITAuthor Commented:
Also, I have a lot of errors pertaining to opening the group policy.  When I go into the Domain Security Settings, it says it can't find the network path.
Will SzymkowskiSenior Solution ArchitectCommented:
You said you demoted the DC were you able to transfer the FSMO roles to the other DC first?

If the additional DC does have the FSMO roles and it's the only DC left in the environment you need to seize all of the roles to the DC that is still active. Also making this DC a GC as I suggested earlier. Your DC need to be A DNS server as well and have your clients and other server point to it for DNS.

Jeremy WeisingerSenior Network Consultant / EngineerCommented:
Will, TOHIT already made the DC a GC, at least according to this post.

TOHIT, do you have any DNS server in the environment or was it just the failed DC? If the failed DC is the only DNS server, then you need to install DNS. This is first priority since so much is dependent on it (Exchange, a lot of aspects of AD, authentication, etc). You then need to make sure all computers are pointed to the DC for DNS.

Once you have a GC (which I believe you already took care of) and a DNS server, that will get you back to 99% functional.
TOHITAuthor Commented:
Thanks for all the help.  I found the main problem was that the dns server we were using temporarily had an incorrect entry for the dc I seized the roles with .  One last question.  I have now the dc running with the fsmo roles and as a gc, and I set up dns on it.  I am now bringing up another dc so that we have some backup.  I am also making it another dns server.  Should I also also make it a gc?  It is a single site, with about 240 users.  That will make two dc's, two dns's, and two gc's total.
Seth SimmonsSr. Systems AdministratorCommented:
i would suggest making it a gc, particularly because of exchange
if you have maintenance on the first box and have to reboot, exchange will need that other gc or will have issues.  two of each is perfect
Jeremy WeisingerSenior Network Consultant / EngineerCommented:
Yes, make it a GC.
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Windows Server 2003

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