# How to create a formula using absolute and mixed cell references in Excel 2010?

I need to create a formula to calculate the percentage of the total for B4 using absolute and mixed cell references with the result in H4. I then need to copy the formula from H4 to I4:J4 to get the percentages for C4 and D4. After that I need to copy the formulas from H4:J4 to H5:J14. How do I do that?

B4            C4            D4          E4 (total of B4-D4)
31           68           77                   176
###### Who is Participating?

Finance AnalystCommented:
Neither of the above refer to B4 as requested. The formula in H4 would be:

=B4/\$E4

Format as percentage.

To allow for E4 being zero:

=IF(\$E4=0,0,B4/\$E4)

When copying across the reference to B will change but the reference to E will stay the same. When copying down the reference to row 4 will change.

Thanks
Rob H
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EngineerCommented:
You would need

=A4/\$D4%

in H4
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Hi Barbara69 and Mr. Saqib,

I guess =A4/\$E4% in H4

See attached file

Thanks
Sum-and-percentage.xlsx
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Author Commented:
RobHenson,

Isn't your answer considered relative and mixed references? Is there a way to do the calculation using absolute and mixed references?
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EngineerCommented:
Absolute reference: address never changes, \$ sign with both row and column address

Mixed reference: only one of row and column address changes, \$ sign with either row or column address

Relative address: both row and column change, no \$ sign

I do not think you need absolute reference in your calculations.

An example of use of absolute reference could be currency conversion rate. This would be any defined cell and this cell would be referred to from anywhere in the spreadsheet. This is where you would expect an "Absolute reference".
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Finance AnalystCommented:
To include an absolute reference in this question (which is getting to sound like homework by the way!) would be to reference a further cell for diving by 100 to convert to percentage, eg:

=IF(\$E4=0,0,B4/\$E4)/\$F\$1

Where F1 contains 100

Thanks
Rob
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Author Commented:
Thanks Rob.
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