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abstract class property and method

abstract class shape{
private $_property1
protected method1(){}

any class that extends abstract class shape
does not require properties
and depending upon when I do private,protected,public method
I get error must be visibility or better

please explain.
1 Solution
Ray PaseurCommented:
What's the question?  PHP Abstract classes are documented here:

The abstract class definition forces the programmer to extend the class, rather than to instantiate the class.
rgb192Author Commented:
questions are

if I set properties in the parent class, why dont the children require the same properties

and setting methods in the child class
what is the
 must be visibility or better
Ray PaseurCommented:
Show us some code examples that illustrate the issues, please.  Thanks, ~Ray
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You should maybe read the class explanations in the PHP manual or tutorial to get the meaning they have. A Class Abstraction that you show has a DIFFERENT purpose in PHP programming than a Regular Class (no abstraction). You can make a normal Class in PHP and then extend that to another Class you write. AND can ADD properties and methods to your new class, AND use properties and methods in the parent class. Very useful in programming. But do you know why You would write and use an Abstract Class instead of a normal Class? This is Important, the reason that abstract classes are in PHP.
 Mostly abstracts are used as a MINIMUN  definition, NON-WORKING template or "Class Guideline" only to show the absolute minimum Properties, methods, that ALL sub-classes MUST have to work in a class inheritance environment ,OR say in a way you may understand - any sub-class will have at LEAST the required methods (same number parameters) as the parent abstract class, so any sub-class can work if the minimum methods are used.
OR as an Abstract Class is like a partially written class (not complete). It is much like a code-template, with blanks (in methods) that HAVE to be completed and filled in for the sub class extensions.

You say -
any class that extends abstract class shape does not require properties.
This is probably Not True in this context, but NO Class is required to have any properties, so the abstract and sun class may not have properties, but why would you write a class and not have ANY properties? ? ? ?.
The sub class already can use any Properties in the absrt parent class, so no need to RE-DECLARE define, the same property as the parent.
But your question here makes no sense to me? ?

in the PHP maanual thier example does have a PUBLIC function -
class ConcreteClass1 extends AbstractClass
    protected function getValue() {
        return "ConcreteClass1";

    public function prefixValue($prefix) { // THIS IS PUBLIC
        return "{$prefix}ConcreteClass1";

You have to have the abstrat method -
protected method1(){}

and ADD to the code so that it does something for your NEW subclass,
in your sub-class, , but you also MUST define (write) a PUBLIC FUNCTION to USE this  method1()  and do other code to do what your CLASS is written to do. ALL of this Class writing is for a purpose, to get PHP to group together code and have the class do "Code Work" that you need in a web page, You use regular Class for one purpose, and Abstract Class for another purpose, and an Interface for another Class purpose, that chance what you use for what your Web Page output is suppose to do.
SurranoSystem EngineerCommented:
I *think* I understand the problem but don't know the explanation.
PHP seems to complain about a *private* member in an *abstract* class which should not be a problem at all, maybe a warning if it is completely unused.
Ray PaseurCommented:
This worked correctly for me.  If you have an example that is failing, please post it so we can be looking at exactly the same thing you're looking at, thanks.

<?php // RAY_temp_foo.php

abstract class Shape
    private $_property1;
    protected function method1(){}

class Square extends Shape
    public function method1()
        echo 'Square';

$sq = new square;

Open in new window

rgb192Author Commented:
Absolute minimum requirements.  Thanks.
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