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C# Left join 2 DataTables without knowing the content of each, just the join key

Posted on 2014-01-21
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Last Modified: 2016-02-10
I have 2 C# DataTables that I want to left join in order to create a combined DataTable.
I know the name of the column that joins the table, but nothing else, as the use imports the 2 tables at startup. The joining column is 'UPC'

1. What is a code example to join the 2 tables together to a third DataTable with all columns?
2. If there are column with the same name in each table will it be a problem for the join? If so, is there any solution?
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Question by:esak2000
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5 Comments
 
LVL 44

Expert Comment

by:AndyAinscow
ID: 39797015
SELECT T1.*, T2.* FROM T1  left JOIN T2 ON T1.UPC = T2.UPC

where T1 and T2 are the table names you have
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LVL 44

Expert Comment

by:AndyAinscow
ID: 39797019
>>If there are column with the same name in each table will it be a problem for the join?

NO, but you need to refer to them with the table names eg.
T1.x or T2.x  (so you know which field called x is coming from which table)
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Author Comment

by:esak2000
ID: 39797113
that's a standard sql query, I need the LINQ equivalent for .net datatables
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Accepted Solution

by:
esak2000 earned 0 total points
ID: 39902566
¿
the following code worked:


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;

namespace JoinDataTables
{
    public static class DataTableJoinHelper
    {
        public enum JoinType
        {
            /// <summary>
            /// Same as regular join. Inner join produces only the set of records that match in both Table A and Table B.
            /// </summary>
            Inner = 0,
            /// <summary>
            /// Same as Left Outer join. Left outer join produces a complete set of records from Table A, with the matching records (where available) in Table B. If there is no match, the right side will contain null.
            /// </summary>
            Left = 1
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Joins the passed in DataTables on the colToJoinOn.
        /// <para>Returns an appropriate DataTable with zero rows if the colToJoinOn does not exist in both tables.</para>
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dtblLeft"></param>
        /// <param name="dtblRight"></param>
        /// <param name="colToJoinOn"></param>
        /// <param name="joinType"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>       
        public static DataTable JoinTwoDataTablesOnOneColumn(DataTable dtblLeft, DataTable dtblRight, string colToJoinOn, JoinType joinType)
        {
            //Change column name to a temp name so the LINQ for getting row data will work properly.
            string strTempColName = colToJoinOn + "_2";
            if (dtblRight.Columns.Contains(colToJoinOn))
                dtblRight.Columns[colToJoinOn].ColumnName = strTempColName;

            //Get columns from dtblLeft
            DataTable dtblResult = dtblLeft.Clone();

            //Get columns from dtblRight
            var dt2Columns = dtblRight.Columns.OfType<DataColumn>().Select(dc => new DataColumn(dc.ColumnName, dc.DataType, dc.Expression, dc.ColumnMapping));

            //Get columns from dtblRight that are not in dtblLeft
            var dt2FinalColumns = from dc in dt2Columns.AsEnumerable()
                                  where !dtblResult.Columns.Contains(dc.ColumnName)
                                  select dc;

            //Add the rest of the columns to dtblResult
            dtblResult.Columns.AddRange(dt2FinalColumns.ToArray());

            //No reason to continue if the colToJoinOn does not exist in both DataTables.
            if (!dtblLeft.Columns.Contains(colToJoinOn) || (!dtblRight.Columns.Contains(colToJoinOn) && !dtblRight.Columns.Contains(strTempColName)))
            {
                if (!dtblResult.Columns.Contains(colToJoinOn))
                    dtblResult.Columns.Add(colToJoinOn);
                return dtblResult;
            }

            switch (joinType)
            {

                default:
                case JoinType.Inner:
                    #region Inner
                    //get row data
                    //To use the DataTable.AsEnumerable() extension method you need to add a reference to the System.Data.DataSetExtension assembly in your project. 
                    var rowDataLeftInner = from rowLeft in dtblLeft.AsEnumerable()
                                           join rowRight in dtblRight.AsEnumerable() on rowLeft[colToJoinOn] equals rowRight[strTempColName]
                                           select rowLeft.ItemArray.Concat(rowRight.ItemArray).ToArray();


                    //Add row data to dtblResult
                    foreach (object[] values in rowDataLeftInner)
                        dtblResult.Rows.Add(values);

                    #endregion
                    break;
                case JoinType.Left:
                    #region Left
                    var rowDataLeftOuter = from rowLeft in dtblLeft.AsEnumerable()
                                           join rowRight in dtblRight.AsEnumerable() on rowLeft[colToJoinOn] equals rowRight[strTempColName] into gj
                                           from subRight in gj.DefaultIfEmpty()
                                           select rowLeft.ItemArray.Concat((subRight == null) ? (dtblRight.NewRow().ItemArray) : subRight.ItemArray).ToArray();


                    //Add row data to dtblResult
                    foreach (object[] values in rowDataLeftOuter)
                        dtblResult.Rows.Add(values);

                    #endregion
                    break;
            }

            //Change column name back to original
            dtblRight.Columns[strTempColName].ColumnName = colToJoinOn;

            //Remove extra column from result
            dtblResult.Columns.Remove(strTempColName);

            return dtblResult;
        }
    }
}

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Author Closing Comment

by:esak2000
ID: 39914413
This class worked as a solution worked to join the 2 datatables
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