robocopy syntax

Posted on 2014-01-22
Last Modified: 2014-01-24
Can someone help me write a robocopy statement that will copy any file named *f.jpg on the C:\ drive to the E:\ drive, not overwriting anything.
Question by:hrolsons
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Expert Comment

ID: 39801718
robocopy *f.jpg c:\ e:\ /E

*Edit: Do you know if the files in the destination are newer or older?

Author Comment

ID: 39801747
The files in the destination should be newer.

Author Comment

ID: 39801758
I was reading here:

That I need to do 3 more switches.
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LVL 52

Accepted Solution

Joe Winograd, EE MVE earned 500 total points
ID: 39801760
robocopy c:\ e:\ *f.jpg /s /xc /xn /xo

The /s gets all non-empty subfolders (if you want empty ones, make that /e) and the /xc /xn /xo is a cutesy way not to overwrite. I've attached the full syntax of Robocopy so you can see why those three options result in no overwriting. Regards, Joe

Author Comment

ID: 39801798
So I'm still unclear if:

robocopy c:\ e:\ *f.jpg /e

is the same as:

robocopy c:\ e:\ *f.jpg /e /xc /xn /xo

Or is it just redundant?
LVL 52

Assisted Solution

by:Joe Winograd, EE MVE
Joe Winograd, EE MVE earned 500 total points
ID: 39801806
No, it's not the same. The  /xc /xn /xo switches are effectively what implements no-overwrite. Without them, it will overwrite. Here's what those options mean:

/XC eXclude Changed files.

/XN eXclude Newer files.

/XO eXclude Older files.

So if you exclude changed, newer, and older files, it won't overwrite anything. It will copy only files that aren't already there, which I believe is what you asked for. Regards, Joe
LVL 52

Expert Comment

by:Joe Winograd, EE MVE
ID: 39801817
Actually, you could do just /xc. In other words, detecting a changed file means, by definition, that the same file exists in both the source and destination folders...otherwise, it wouldn't be changed! Run some experiments on small sets of files to see what happens.

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