Solved

iperf bandwidth and simultaneous connections

Posted on 2014-01-27
4
774 Views
Last Modified: 2014-04-08
I am using iperf to simulate the bandwidth performance for the VoIP. I am trying to understand the correlation between bandwidth and the number of calls running simultaneously.

I have a MPLS connection between PC1 and PC2. PC1 has a 50mb connection and PC2 has a 1MB connection.

So I setup my iperf client (PC1) with bandwidth as 1mbps and 1 as the number of parallel client threads to run and I see packets dropped. Does it mean that I am having issue with my existing VoIP traffic? I also setup my mss as 218, which the VoIP packet with g711 codec with all the appropriate header.

Now when I increase the bandwidth, the number of packets dropped increased.

Can somebody help me understand this?

PS. I got my setup from crok-linkblog.homelinux.com/links-cisco/how-to-use-iperf-properly-additions-to-the-tcp-throughput-post/
 
Thanks
0
Comment
Question by:leblanc
[X]
Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
  • 2
4 Comments
 
LVL 40

Accepted Solution

by:
noci earned 333 total points
ID: 39814855
if you start pushing say 2Mbps data through a 1Mbps link then half of the data cannot be passed on.
So please explain what you mean with increase the bandwidth.. the bandwidth of the link (in that case less loss should be observed) or increase of data being sent...

It depends on the protocol what would happen.
- TCP will slow down to a pace of 1Mbps through flowcontrol.
- UDP will just loose packets that don't fit.

VOIP mainly consists of UDP packets, so they will get lost.

mss should not get fit to the data being sent but to the underlying transport.
f.e. over a pppoE link the mss should be a tad smaller because of the ppp overhead incurred with the traffic. Or broken up packets should be allowed.

By shortening the packet you also increase overhead. Any IP frame has 20 bytes for IP header + 20 bytes for (UDP/TCP). Other protocols then UDP/TCP (Think GRE, IPSEC,SCTP etc.) have differing header sizes.
If you shrink the MSS you also force more frames & frame headers, or fragmented frames which at least have a 20 byte IP header, for all remain headers and cause massive overhead in reaasembling the original frames @ the destination.
0
 
LVL 32

Assisted Solution

by:harbor235
harbor235 earned 167 total points
ID: 39814988
Nothing to help with here, you are limited to ~1Mbps because the theoretical maximum throughput is the speed of the smallest link, 1Mbps. But also remember that the speed of the link does not take into account overhead such as TCP/UDP/IP header information as well as link framing such as Ethernet/Frame-Relay, etc ..... So with the smallest link size of 1Mbps you should not expect 1Mbps of application throughput, perhaps ~70-80% of theoretical maximum.


harbor235 ;}
0
 
LVL 40

Assisted Solution

by:noci
noci earned 333 total points
ID: 39815045
And please check your units.

50mb (millibits) is not a lot where as 1MB (Should roughly be 8Mbps).
You most probably meant: 50Mbps vs. 1Mbps.

those are differences in the order of 9 resp. 1 magnitudes.

The only way to get a greater bandwidth is by reducing overhead. So frames as large as possible without fragmentation. The regular hardware imposed limit is 1514 bytes for ethernet frames. (14 of those are the ethernet header). And maybe you need to correct it slightly smaller to prevent fragmentation across pppoE links.
Here is a more detailed explanation: http://adsl.cutw.net/mtu.html
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:leblanc
ID: 39815224
Thanks for the inputs. I few corrections:
- The link on the other side is 3mbps and not 1 mbps. Sorry.
- I set my mss as 218 bytes because the g711 digitized voice is 160 bytes + 58 bytes (RTP/UDP/IP/Ethernet)
- From my understanding, the voice with g711 codec take around 87kbps. So if I set my bandwidth to 1mbps for 2 calls, I should not get any dropped packets. I am not sure I understand that.

PC1 and PC2 are connected to a MPLS cloud.

My output from iperf:
c:\iperf -s -u -mss 218 -b 2000000 -S 184 -P 2 -f k -i 10

[ ID] Interval                  Transfer     Bandwidth       Jitter         Lost/Total Datagrams
[1884]  0.0-10.0 sec   834 KBytes   683 Kbits/sec  6.309 ms 1047/ 1628 (64%)
[1884] 10.0-20.0 sec   825 KBytes   676 Kbits/sec  5.734 ms 1122/ 1697 (66%)
[1884] 20.0-30.0 sec   817 KBytes   669 Kbits/sec  8.987 ms 1137/ 1706 (67%)
[1884] 30.0-40.0 sec   800 KBytes   655 Kbits/sec  9.454 ms 1142/ 1699 (67%)
[1884] 40.0-50.0 sec   841 KBytes   689 Kbits/sec  6.093 ms 1112/ 1698 (65%)
[1884] 50.0-60.0 sec   851 KBytes   697 Kbits/sec  8.348 ms 1102/ 1695 (65%)
[1884]  0.0-60.4 sec  5003 KBytes   679 Kbits/sec  7.443 ms 6716/10201 (66%)
0

Featured Post

Create the perfect environment for any meeting

You might have a modern environment with all sorts of high-tech equipment, but what makes it worthwhile is how you seamlessly bring together the presentation with audio, video and lighting. The ATEN Control System provides integrated control and system automation.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Title # Comments Views Activity
Comware OS Simulator and GNS3 5 170
Palo Alto site-to-site vpn monitoring 5 51
Single Number Reach 3 54
Sonos and 5ghz 14 48
Let’s list some of the technologies that enable smooth teleworking. 
Skype is a P2P (Peer to Peer) instant messaging and VOIP (Voice over IP) service – as well as a whole lot more.
Get a first impression of how PRTG looks and learn how it works.   This video is a short introduction to PRTG, as an initial overview or as a quick start for new PRTG users.
This video gives you a great overview about bandwidth monitoring with SNMP and WMI with our network monitoring solution PRTG Network Monitor (https://www.paessler.com/prtg). If you're looking for how to monitor bandwidth using netflow or packet s…

749 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question