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How do I select Parent, Grandparent, Grand-grandparent and so on from XML using LINQ

Posted on 2014-01-28
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Last Modified: 2016-02-10
Hello. I have the following structure of the xml file.  It is a direct reflection of a directory tree. It can be 5,6,7 and more levels deep.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Folders xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" FolderName="myTestFdv" FolderCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:58:35 AM" FolderId="0f828a3a-b361-480c-982c-db4f92d7bb9b">
  <FolderList>
    <Folder FolderName="12345" FolderCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FolderId="fe261d0e-7ca8-4a65-bad0-df9eed59bfc0">
      <FolderList>
        <Folder FolderName="images" FolderCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FolderId="fa9932e1-0ea9-4eef-bd61-4d9e1717fa72">
          <FolderList>
            <Folder FolderName="icons" FolderCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FolderId="79b240d4-6e49-49e0-a569-be667376acbc">
              <FolderList />
              <FileList>
                <File FileName="accdb.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="584322_accdb.jpg" Size="927" />
                <File FileName="bmp.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="338435_bmp.jpg" Size="276" />
                <File FileName="docx.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="428127_docx.jpg" Size="932" />
                <File FileName="gif.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="995346_gif.jpg" Size="822" />
                <File FileName="jpg.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="40293_jpg.jpg" Size="818" />
                <File FileName="png.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="607512_png.jpg" Size="893" />
                <File FileName="pptx.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="174831_pptx.jpg" Size="927" />
                <File FileName="psd.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="742050_psd.jpg" Size="809" />
                <File FileName="tif.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="786896_tif.jpg" Size="768" />
                <File FileName="txt.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="354216_txt.jpg" Size="506" />
                <File FileName="xlsx.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="921434_xlsx.jpg" Size="949" />
              </FileList>
            </Folder>
            <Folder FolderName="thumbnails" FolderCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FolderId="f19b98a3-f76c-4c10-a6c0-b6fd903c4080">
              <FolderList />
              <FileList>
                <File FileName="570153_Untitled.jpg" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="488754_570153_Untitled.jpg" Size="1012" />
                <File FileName="60259_yellow.jpg" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="578446_60259_yellow.jpg" Size="1946" />
                <File FileName="884076_Untitled.jpg" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="145766_884076_Untitled.jpg" Size="1009" />
                <File FileName="941401_photoshop1.jpg" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="712985_941401_photoshop1.jpg" Size="228" />
              </FileList>
            </Folder>
          </FolderList>
          <FileList />
        </Folder>
      </FolderList>
      <FileList />
    </Folder>
    <Folder FolderName="Subfolder1" FolderCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:58:48 AM" FolderId="7e21b53b-8ff2-45e9-8e11-20dcdd0b9dde">
      <FolderList>
        <Folder FolderName="SubSubFolder1_1" FolderCreatedOn="3/3/2013 9:35:47 PM" FolderId="bf7812df-c98f-4f0e-b348-a2a1eb9d99ef">
          <FolderList />
          <FileList>
            <File FileName="ExcelWorksheet.xlsx" FileCreatedOn="3/3/2013 9:36:01 PM" FileUpdatedOn="3/3/2013 9:36:01 PM" FileType="file" Size="8746" />
          </FileList>
        </Folder>
      </FolderList>
      <FileList />
    </Folder>
    <Folder FolderName="Subfolder2" FolderCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:58:51 AM" FolderId="015b93c2-9324-46fd-8a0c-8a8a9ecc10a1">
      <FolderList />
      <FileList>
        <File FileName="PPPresentation.pptx" FileCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:19 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:19 AM" FileType="file" Size="27140" />
        <File FileName="Untitled.jpg" FileCreatedOn="3/7/2013 9:31:59 PM" FileUpdatedOn="3/7/2013 9:31:59 PM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="639073_Untitled.jpg" Size="45956" />
      </FileList>
    </Folder>
    <Folder FolderName="Subfolder3" FolderCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:58:53 AM" FolderId="f5f20a02-5c27-4e13-a63f-86173431b12b">
      <FolderList>
        <Folder FolderName="SubSubFolder3_1" FolderCreatedOn="3/2/2013 2:05:30 AM" FolderId="f95411b4-47b8-4261-8a2c-9101dc7a6acf">
          <FolderList />
          <FileList />
        </Folder>
        <Folder FolderName="SubSubFolder3_2" FolderCreatedOn="3/2/2013 2:05:33 AM" FolderId="552f12cd-d3d7-49b6-8a4d-f453ae5efb54">
          <FolderList />
          <FileList>
            <File FileName="New Microsoft Access Database.accdb" FileCreatedOn="3/2/2013 2:05:42 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/2/2013 2:05:42 AM" FileType="file" Size="495616" />
            <File FileName="New Microsoft Excel Worksheet.xlsx" FileCreatedOn="3/2/2013 2:05:46 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/2/2013 2:05:46 AM" FileType="file" Size="8746" />
            <File FileName="Untitled.bmp" FileCreatedOn="3/7/2013 9:31:33 PM" FileUpdatedOn="3/7/2013 9:31:34 PM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="87635_Untitled.jpg" Size="2239542" />
            <File FileName="yellow.tif" FileCreatedOn="3/8/2013 7:35:36 PM" FileUpdatedOn="3/8/2013 7:35:39 PM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="392459_yellow.jpg" Size="144078324" />
          </FileList>
        </Folder>
      </FolderList>
      <FileList />
    </Folder>
    <Folder FolderName="Subfolder4" FolderCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:58:59 AM" FolderId="05e39966-9661-493c-80a2-be7dff925828">
      <FolderList />
      <FileList>
        <File FileName="photoshop1.png" FileCreatedOn="3/7/2013 10:11:05 PM" FileUpdatedOn="3/7/2013 10:11:08 PM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="796074_photoshop1.jpg" Size="4760" />
        <File FileName="photoshop1.psd" FileCreatedOn="3/7/2013 10:07:32 PM" FileUpdatedOn="3/7/2013 10:07:32 PM" FileType="file" Size="47654" />
      </FileList>
    </Folder>
    <Folder FolderName="Subfolder5" FolderCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:58:56 AM" FolderId="5d3e48b3-ecb1-4ec1-b52c-e45bc3dd9c59">
      <FolderList />
      <FileList>
        <File FileName="myAccessDatabase.accdb" FileCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:37 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:37 AM" FileType="file" Size="495616" />
        <File FileName="myTextDocument.txt" FileCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:41 AM" FileType="file" Size="0" />
      </FileList>
    </Folder>
    <Folder FolderName="Subfolder6" FolderCreatedOn="3/5/2013 10:49:08 PM" FolderId="96fd5601-d0ad-4b71-b05a-a9272b440fa3">
      <FolderList />
      <FileList>
        <File FileName="Untitled.png" FileCreatedOn="3/7/2013 9:31:17 PM" FileUpdatedOn="3/7/2013 9:31:17 PM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="379174_Untitled.jpg" Size="33093" />
      </FileList>
    </Folder>
    <Folder FolderName="Subfolder7" FolderCreatedOn="3/5/2013 10:49:19 PM" FolderId="9812d6e3-e535-4ea0-8715-b0f3fc1efaeb">
      <FolderList />
      <FileList />
    </Folder>
  </FolderList>
  <FileList>
    <File FileName="MyRootTextDocument.txt" FileCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:08 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:08 AM" FileType="file" Size="0" />
    <File FileName="MyRootWordDocument.docx" FileCreatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:03 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/2/2013 1:59:03 AM" FileType="file" Size="0" />
  </FileList>
</Folders>

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I am using the following query to search for files:

 Dim xdoc As XDocument = XDocument.Load("D:\db.xml")
 Dim searchKey = Request.Form("searchByNameText")
Dim listOfFiles = From sfn In xdoc.Descendants("File") _
                              Where sfn.Attribute("FileName").Value.ToLower().Contains(searchKey) _
                              Select sfn

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Now, how can I create a Select statement that also brings back the Path in which the file is located, based on its location in the XML file? Or, in other words, get its parent, grandparent, and so on...
What would be the statement for something like that?
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Question by:vituxa
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LVL 63

Expert Comment

by:Fernando Soto
ID: 39817158
Hi vituxa;

I think this will give you what you want.

Dim listOfFiles = (From sfn In xdoc.Descendants("File") _
                   Where sfn.Attribute("FileName").Value.ToLower().Contains(searchKey) _
                   Select _
                       sfn.Ancestors("Folder").Aggregate("", Function(path As String, current As XElement) current.Attribute("FolderName").Value & "\" & path) & sfn.Attribute("FileName").Value _
                  ).ToList()

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Author Comment

by:vituxa
ID: 39817926
Thank you Prodigy for that, that is very helpful. However, this is now a string that I am selecting. Is there a way that I can select this string along with the XML Element with all its properties? So that in the list I can show a File, its Location, Size, LastUpdated and so on.

Edit:
I suppose I can create a giant string with all the attributes and to dissect in the loop, but that feels like a hack :)
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LVL 63

Accepted Solution

by:
Fernando Soto earned 500 total points
ID: 39817980
Hi vituxa;

Then you can use this query instead.

Dim listOfFiles = (From sfn In xdoc.Descendants("File") _
                   Where sfn.Attribute("FileName").Value.ToLower().Contains(searchKey) _
                   Select New With _
                   { _
                       .FileNameNode = sfn.Attribute("FileName"), _
                       .FolderAncestors = sfn.Ancestors("Folder") _
                  }).ToList()

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LVL 63

Expert Comment

by:Fernando Soto
ID: 39817992
Not sure what you mean by this :

"Is there a way that I can select this string along with the XML Element with all its properties?"

Can you give an example of what you want the output to look like.
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LVL 1

Author Comment

by:vituxa
ID: 39818102
In Other Words how can I select:
 <File FileName="png.gif" FileCreatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileUpdatedOn="3/13/2013 12:25:41 AM" FileType="image" Thumbnail="607512_png.jpg" Size="893" />
And am able to get the Thumbnail Value, and the FileType value and FileUpdatedOn and so on... As well as this file's path string (to which you have kindly provided the above example)
How can I select them Together? So when I loop through the records I can display a path for each one as well as FileType value and FileUpdatedOn and so on...

I hope I am being clear...
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Author Closing Comment

by:vituxa
ID: 39818313
Thank you, Thank you, Thank you!!!!!! I will be asking more stupid questions I hope you'll be able to help!

Thank you Again!
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LVL 63

Expert Comment

by:Fernando Soto
ID: 39818922
Not a problem, glad I was able to help.
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