PHP - Can't connect to MSSQL

Posted on 2014-01-30
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2014-01-30
I am trying to get PHP to connect to MSSQL - I have the drivers installed - the php.info shows "PDO drivers  mysql, sqlite, sqlsrv" under PDO.  I have this script and I can't even get a error message that I can't connect or that it couldn't open the db.  Here is the script I am trying

$myServer = "IT_671_764\SQLEXPRESS";
$myUser = "User";
$myPass = "password";
$myDB = "TestDB";

//connection to the database
$dbhandle = mssql_connect($myServer, $myUser, $myPass)
  or die("Couldn't connect to SQL Server on $myServer");

//select a database to work with
$selected = mssql_select_db($myDB, $dbhandle)
  or die("Couldn't open database $myDB");

//declare the SQL statement that will query the database
$query = "SELECT id, FundNumber, FundName ";
$query .= "FROM DataMatch ";
$query .= "WHERE FundName='Tax Free'";

//execute the SQL query and return records
$result = mssql_query($query);

$numRows = mssql_num_rows($result);
echo "<h1>" . $numRows . " Row" . ($numRows == 1 ? "" : "s") . " Returned </h1>";

//display the results
while($row = mssql_fetch_array($result))
  echo "<li>" . $row["id"] . $row["FundNumber"] . $row["FundName"] . "</li>";
//close the connection

Open in new window

Question by:JohnMac328
  • 6
  • 4
LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:Chris Harte
ID: 39820951
Put this in the first line to throw a visible error

ini_set ('display_errors', 'on');

When you run phpinfo search for mssql, is should have a whole paragraph to itself.

Author Comment

ID: 39820966
It gives me this

Fatal error: Call to undefined function mssql_connect() in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\DBTEST.php on line 17

Line 17 is this

$dbhandle = mssql_connect($myServer, $myUser, $myPass)
 Here is the paragraph on phpinfo

pdo_sqlsrv.client_buffer_max_kb_size 10240 10240
pdo_sqlsrv.log_severity 0 0

Author Comment

ID: 39820977
So mabey this?

//create an instance of the  ADO connection object
$conn = new COM ("ADODB.Connection")
  or die("Cannot start ADO");

//define connection string, specify database driver
$connStr = "PROVIDER=SQLOLEDB;SERVER=".$myServer.";UID=".$myUser.";PWD=".$myPass.";DATABASE=".$myDB;
  $conn->open($connStr); //Open the connection to the database
A proven path to a career in data science

At Springboard, we know how to get you a job in data science. With Springboard’s Data Science Career Track, you’ll master data science  with a curriculum built by industry experts. You’ll work on real projects, and get 1-on-1 mentorship from a data scientist.

LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:Chris Harte
ID: 39821024
Since your phpinfo says you are using slqsrv, have you tried the function sqlsrv_connect()?


Author Comment

ID: 39821036
I changed it and it give this error

Catchable fatal error: Argument 2 passed to sqlsrv_connect() must be an array, string given in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\DBTEST.php on line 17
LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:Chris Harte
ID: 39821069
This means the database is  using the sqlsrv library of database function and not the mssql one.


The connect has to use an associative array. Try this

$coninfo = array("Database"=>$myDB, "UID"=>$myUser, "PWD"=>$myPass);

$dbhandle = sqlsrv_connect ($myServer, $coninfo)
  or die("Couldn't connect to SQL Server on $myServer");

Open in new window


Author Comment

ID: 39821094
I see - is there another sql dll that goes into the ext folder that will allow me to use the mssql functions?

Author Comment

ID: 39821297
Let me back up a sec - the reason I want to use MSSQL is because of the SQL Management Studio - I want to display mulitple tables in the query window - drag key fields to other tables etc and then run the query and see the results in the same window as is done with SQL Management Studio.  Do you know of any program that will do that with MySQL?  Is the MSSQL and MySQL syntax the same?  Meaning I could copy it from SQL and paste it into the MySQL and get the same results?
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 39821348
SQL is SQL, and MsSQL and MySQL are "mostly" the same, but there are enough differences that you can't really cut and paste.  Example: MySQL uses the LIMIT clause, whereas MsSQL uses the TOP clause.

This article uses MySQL as the underlying data base for PDO, so it may not be 100% applicable, but it shows the proper way to connect and shows how to get PDO to give you the fullest possible error reporting.
LVL 17

Accepted Solution

Chris Harte earned 2000 total points
ID: 39821462
This is the how to on mssql, you will need the client tool from MS for that.

Workbench is the gui tool for mysql, takes a while to get into but is very powerful

My tool of choice is phpmyadmin because I find it easier to use than the workbench

Author Closing Comment

ID: 39821497
That should do it - Thanks!

Featured Post

Build your data science skills into a career

Are you ready to take your data science career to the next step, or break into data science? With Springboard’s Data Science Career Track, you’ll master data science topics, have personalized career guidance, weekly calls with a data science expert, and a job guarantee.

Question has a verified solution.

Are you are experiencing a similar issue? Get a personalized answer when you ask a related question.

Have a better answer? Share it in a comment.

Join & Write a Comment

This month, Experts Exchange sat down with resident SQL expert, Jim Horn, for an in-depth look into the makings of a successful career in SQL.
It’s a season to be thankful, and we’re thankful for users like you who engage on site, solve technology problems, and network with others in the industry. What tech are we most thankful for? Keep reading.
Using examples as well as descriptions, and references to Books Online, show the documentation available for datatypes, explain the available data types and show how data can be passed into and out of variables.
This tutorial will teach you the core code needed to finalize the addition of a watermark to your image. The viewer will use a small PHP class to learn and create a watermark.

624 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question