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javascript nested if

Posted on 2014-01-31
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Last Modified: 2014-01-31
Hello expert,

Writing a nested if statement. Made up example
to investigate.

In code copied below the code works as long as all three variables
with integer values are the same, as written.

But when one of the integer values is change to
a number different from the other two, say 2,
it was expected for the result would be
"they are not all equal". But instead
it returns "undefined"

Why does it not return "they are not all equal"?

Thanks.

Allen in Dallas

+++++++++begin code++++++++++++

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<HEAD>
<title>JS Conditional Statement</title>

<style type="text/css">
 body {font-family: arial;}
 </style>
</HEAD>
<body>
This page uses a nested if.<br /><br />

<script>
var a=1;
var b=1;
var c=1;
var answer
if (a == b){
 if (a == c){
answer = ("they are equal 3");
}
else
{
("they are not all equal");
}
}
document.write(answer);
</script>


</body>
</html>

+++++++++end code++++++++++++
0
Comment
Question by:Allen Pitts
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6 Comments
 
LVL 58

Expert Comment

by:Gary
ID: 39824697
<script>
var a=1;
var b=1;
var c=1;
var answer
if (a == b && b == c){
answer = ("they are equal 3");
}
else
{
answer = ("they are not all equal");
}
document.write(answer);
</script>

Open in new window

0
 

Author Comment

by:Allen Pitts
ID: 39824718
Hello Cathal,

That works but it gets rid of the nested if

Thanks

Allen
0
 
LVL 58

Expert Comment

by:Gary
ID: 39824735
Ok misunderstood what you were wanting, nested example

<script>
var a=1;
var b=2;
var c=1;
var answer
if (a == b){
    if (a == c){
        answer = ("they are equal 3");
    }
    else
    {
        answer = ("they are not all equal");
    }
}
else
{
         answer = ("they are not all equal");
}
document.write(answer);
</script>

Open in new window

0
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LVL 58

Accepted Solution

by:
Gary earned 2000 total points
ID: 39824740
But that would not be a real world example of logic, this is still nested but is a better example

<script>
var a=1;
var b=1;
var c=1;
var answer = ("they are not all equal");
if (a == b){
    if (a == c){
        answer = ("they are equal 3");
    }
}
document.write(answer);
</script>

Open in new window

0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:Allen Pitts
ID: 39824927
Excellent answer.
I think that the reason why the code I copied into the original question
returned "undefined" was because changing the numbers where they
were not all equal created an outcome that was not provided for by the script.
Since the outcome was not provided for by the script the script did
not know what to do so it returned "undefined"
0
 
LVL 58

Expert Comment

by:Gary
ID: 39824937
You got it!
0

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