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host name look up on ip address

Posted on 2014-01-31
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Last Modified: 2014-02-03
Hi,

I am trying below example.
http://www.avajava.com/tutorials/lessons/how-do-i-use-a-host-name-to-look-up-an-ip-address.html

I wonder why got out put 5 different times as below

--------------------------
Which Host:local host
Canonical Host Name:DERBIZZ
Host Name:DERBIZZ
Host Address:192.168.1.106
----------------------------------------------------
Which Host:www.google.com
Canonical Host Name:po-in-f104.google.com
Host Name:www.google.com
Host Address:72.14.253.104
----------------------------------------------------
Which Host:www.google.com #1
Canonical Host Name:po-in-f104.google.com
Host Name:www.google.com
Host Address:72.14.253.104
--------------------------
Which Host:www.google.com #2
Canonical Host Name:po-in-f103.google.com
Host Name:www.google.com
Host Address:72.14.253.103
--------------------------
Which Host:www.google.com #3
Canonical Host Name:po-in-f99.google.com
Host Name:www.google.com
Host Address:72.14.253.99
--------------------------
Which Host:www.google.com #4
Canonical Host Name:po-in-f147.google.com
Host Name:www.google.com
Host Address:72.14.253.147


what is difference between cononical host name and host name.
Just as an aside, what happens if we try doing a lookup on a host that doesn't exist, such as: InetAddress.getByName("www.this-host-does-not-exist.com")? An UnknownHostException is thrown, as shown below.

java.net.UnknownHostException: www.this-host-does-not-exist.com: www.this-host-does-not-exist.com


what is the meaning of host not exists.

please advise
Any links resources ideas highly appreciated. Thanks in advance
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Question by:gudii9
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Accepted Solution

by:
Phil Phillips earned 500 total points
ID: 39825391
You got different a list of results because Google has it set up so that www.google.com resolves to a whole set of IPs.  This helps Google distribute their load.

In this case, the canonical hostname is the "true" hostname of each particular IP, while the hostname is the original hostname you used for your query.

As for the "host not exists", that's just an example of what happens when you query a hostname that does not resolve.
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