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Multiple FROM Clauses in VBA code for a single block of code

Posted on 2014-02-01
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Last Modified: 2014-02-03
Why are three FROM clauses needed below..I assume the second FROM clause is needed to build the first ?  If that is the case does the order of the FROM clause matter ?  

Note the below works..I am just trying to understand it....

Select G.Client, G.Date

FROM(Select GROCERY.Client,GROCERY.DATE
FROM (Select LEFT([FullClientName,40) AS Client,Date
FROM strExcelWSName
WHERE [Product] = 'Pizza') AS GROCERY

INNER JOIN (Select LEFT([FullClientName,40) AS Client,Date
FROM strWSName
WHERE [Product] = 'Soybeans' AS AG

ON GROCERY.CLIENT = AG.CLIENT

GROUP BY GROCERY.CLIENT,GROCERY.DATE AS
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Comment
Question by:upobDaPlaya
  • 2
  • 2
5 Comments
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39827092
That code would not work "as is", there are syntax errors
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LVL 49

Accepted Solution

by:
PortletPaul earned 1400 total points
ID: 39827099
This is a corrected version of the code, and the indentation should help you understand the structure.
SELECT
      G.Client
    , G.DATE
FROM (
            SELECT
                  GROCERY.Client
                , GROCERY.DATE
            FROM (
                        SELECT
                              LEFT([FullClientName], 40) AS Client
                            , [Date]
                        FROM strExcelWSName
                        WHERE [Product] = 'Pizza'
                  ) AS GROCERY
                  INNER JOIN (
                        SELECT
                              LEFT([FullClientName], 40) AS Client
                            , [Date]
                        FROM strWSName
                        WHERE [Product] = 'Soybeans'
                  ) AS AG
                        ON GROCERY.CLIENT = AG.CLIENT
      ) AS G
GROUP BY
      GROCERY.CLIENT
    , GROCERY.[DATE]

Open in new window

I assume the second FROM clause is needed to build the first ?  
YES, they are a series of subqueries.
 If that is the case does the order of the FROM clause matter ?  
Does the order matter? YES
0
 

Author Comment

by:upobDaPlaya
ID: 39827125
OMG ! The indentation makes a huge difference.  So the hierarchy of the sub-queries then is the one that always appears at the top is the one that gets built last..
0
 
LVL 32

Assisted Solution

by:Robberbaron (robr)
Robberbaron (robr) earned 600 total points
ID: 39827298
yes to heiracry..

but i think the last 3 lines should be
GROUP BY
      G.CLIENT
    , G.[DATE]

Open in new window


due to the ) AS G  immediately above.

its possible the outer clause is superfluous as well; the group by could be on the second select, in which case the Group By names would be corrent

eg
      SELECT
                  GROCERY.Client
                , GROCERY.DATE
        FROM (
                        SELECT
                              LEFT([FullClientName], 40) AS Client
                            , [Date]
                        FROM strExcelWSName
                        WHERE [Product] = 'Pizza'
                  ) AS GROCERY
                  INNER JOIN (
                        SELECT
                              LEFT([FullClientName], 40) AS Client
                            , [Date]
                        FROM strWSName
                        WHERE [Product] = 'Soybeans'
                  ) AS AG
                        ON GROCERY.CLIENT = AG.CLIENT
         GROUP BY
              GROCERY.CLIENT
              , GROCERY.[DATE]

Open in new window

0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:upobDaPlaya
ID: 39831483
Thanks all...makes sense
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