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The DNS server isn't responding. Need urgent help!

hello Experts I was trying to upgrade our router from a Cisco 800 series to a sonicwall.  well it turns out the sonic walls wifi is defective and it needs to be returned.  I put the Cisco 800 series back in place but now nobody can connect to the internet and when I try to troubleshoot it tells me that the DNS server isn't responding.  I'm at a business and the Internet has not been working for 6 hours and I really really need help with this.  DNS is running off of our main domain controller and so is exchange and so is DHCP.  our domain controller has Small Business Server 2012 on it.  Please help!!
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Brent Johnson
Asked:
Brent Johnson
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4 Solutions
 
MaheshArchitectCommented:
1st try telnetting some public DNS IP addresses such as yahoo.com, google.com from corporate network and check at where connectivity is dropping
You will immediately come to know where is the problem ?

If previously internet is working with old router, i believe problem exists with router config only

Mahesh
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masnrockCommented:
Did you check the DNS forwarders? Are THOSE DNS servers working properly? Is there an issue with the internet service?

Were there any configuration differences between the Cisco and Sonicwall?
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piwowarcCommented:
Hi

Agreed with above post. If you have on premise AD controller doing DNS, this DNS needs to be checked as well. This DNS does lookup on its own using root hints or you have general "Forwarders" statement? No changes done on that machine?

Telnet from that AD controller (DNS server) on port 53 to google dns for example (will give you tcp 53 is opened on cisco) and do nslookup to google servers using nslookup cnn.com 8.8.8.8 (will give you udp 53 opened on cisco). If it fails its either routing changed or firewall rules not permiting. If you do forwarders try asking them instead of google DNS.

Something must have changed since you put a gear that was here before back in network. Are you sure for example on rules on cisco were saved before it was powered off? That is a common mistake when people have cisco device in place, all is configured and working but not saved to nvram. After powerloss that part of config is gone.
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Brent JohnsonAuthor Commented:
I put back the sonicwall and got things to work, but now when using proxy settings in outlook from home, we are getting a proxy error and also activesync on iphones is not working the iphones give the error "cannot get mail the connection to the server failed"  How to fix??
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aleghartCommented:
You need to replicate the NAT settings from the old router.

Your phones are trying to connect to a server hostname that should resolve to a public IP address.  Your router/firewall should be using NAT to translate this traffic to your SBS server on the inside.  Normal port should be 443 for HTTPS.

Do you have the config of the old router documented?  It's not a straight swap of hardware.  You have to configure the new router to match the old.

Sonicwall firewalls have a 'public server wizard' that will walk you through steps for basic NAT.  But, you still need to know how your network and servers are setup.

DON'T try to do it manually if you don't understand.  I've seen to many NAT settings with any/any forwarding...meaning you've completely opened up an internal server to the public internet.
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Steve KnightIT ConsultancyCommented:
basic troubleshooting...

PING name on internet - www.google.co.uk
If it doesn't work PING IP on internet, e.g. 158.43.128.1
If that works then you have comms to net.
nslookup
server 158.43.128.1
www.google.co.uk.
quit
Did that respond.  So you have comms but DNS is wrong.  Presumably PC talks to server for DNS as you say.

On Server, what do forwarders point to.  Can you PING them, Can you PING anything on the net?  Can you even ping the new router?

As you have replaced the router, even if it still on the same IP address then the server will have in it's arp cache the mac address of the old router.

try

arp -d x.x.x.x with IP of router

now can you ping it?
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masnrockCommented:
You definitely seem to have differing configurations on each unit. You need to review what those differences are. What was the configuration before you installed the sonicwall the first time?

It sounds like you have been changing things of both the Cisco and the sonicwall, and are getting mixed up. Do you keep network documentation?
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pgm554Commented:
SBS 2012?
Don't think there is such a product.
If it is SBS 2011,then try running the connect to the internet wizard.

http://tech.sportstoday.us/windows_server/windows-small-business-server-2011---connect-to-the-internet.aspx
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Brent JohnsonAuthor Commented:
I'm sorry, yes it is SBS 2011.  Okay, so the Sonicwall that we received, the wireless was defective so they sent us a replacement.  We received the replacement today and I exported all settings from the one we were using and imported them into the new one.  I go to plug in the new one, and once everything is connected, it gives me a similar DNS error, but this time it said something about how network cannot be connected due to dns server not responding.  It was basically the same error as before except this time it was worded differently.  I tried to add NAT settings, but it was telling me that duplicates exist and no others can be created.  I'm at a total loss of ideas on how this can be fixed.  Anyone have any ideas?
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Steve KnightIT ConsultancyCommented:
So as a matter of interest did you do any of the troubleshooting suggested above, i.e. forgetting dns for a minute what does and doeesnt work.

Steve
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Brent JohnsonAuthor Commented:
Yes, I did and I was not able to do anything because of this dns error.  No internet, no internal resources.
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Steve KnightIT ConsultancyCommented:
But my point was basic trouble shooting.... can you ping the router/firewall, can you PING next hop or anything internet beyond firewall by IP not DNS name, can you ping the dns forwarders you are pointing at (if any) from your DNS server etc....

If you can do any of this from workstation, can you do it from your SBS server that is acting as internal DNS server?
etc.
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S00007359Commented:
do u have the cisco router, login into that and ump the config. see the setup, for dns forwarding etc.
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Blue Street TechLast KnightsCommented:
Hi johnsonbrentw,

A couple of things could be going on here. First its always a good practice when transferring from an old device which has had configuration issues or any issues for that matter to configure the new device from scratch. Importing settings can simple carry the misconfig forward. So do a factory reset and start over.

Secondly, about the Exchange not working outside, this could be caused by enabling remote management on the SonicWALL and also having port 443 open for Exchange. Remote Management of the SonicWALL will always take precedence and therefore you should change the SonicWALL management port from 443 to 4443 or some other non-conflicting port.

You should be able to test straight from the SonicWALL to isolate it from being the issue once you have it setup again. Go to System > Diagnostics and next to the Diagnostic Tool: select Check Network Settings. Here it will test many critical connections from the SonicWALL outbound. Also you can select Ping from the menu and type in google.com to see if it is resolving there first and foremost.

What is your SonicWALL model?

Let me know how if goes!
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Blue Street TechLast KnightsCommented:
Glad I could help and thanks for the points!
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