Count Records Query

I need to count records that meet certain criteria. I thought this was very straightforward but I'm missing something.
	    sql = "SELECT COUNT(*) AS iTotal FROM studentsAll WHERE (lastName = '" & last_name & "' AND firstName = '" & first_name & "');"
		Set rs=conn.Execute(sql)
		   		  
		textfile.WriteLine Now
		textfile.WriteLine "<BR><B>SQL:   </B>  " & (sql)
		textfile.WriteLine "<BR><B>Total:   </B>  " & iTotal
		textfile.WriteLine "<br>===============================<p>"

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Nothing prints for iTotal. I've tried CInt(iTotal) and it always produces a zero.
slegyAsked:
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Big MontyConnect With a Mentor Senior Web Developer / CEO of ExchangeTree.org Commented:
correct, iTotal is an alias in your query that counts the number of records (memberID) that meets you where clause conditions.

the latest code you just gave us, is that now working? if so, do you have any other questions?  I'm guessing there may be a disconnect in what you're asking and what we're understanding...not a big deal, i just want to make sure you get this resolved :)
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Big MontySenior Web Developer / CEO of ExchangeTree.org Commented:
there's nothing wrong with the actual sql, my guess is it's the where clause that causing the issue. did you try running the query directly in the database, plugging in values for first and last name? are those fields matched up case-wise, meaning if they're all lower case, then that is how it should appear in the query
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slegyAuthor Commented:
Log:
2/6/2014 3:57:07 PM
SQL:  SELECT COUNT(memberID) AS iTotal FROM membersAll WHERE (lastName = 'Ellis' AND firstName = 'Scot');
Total:

Partial database fields:
ELLSC000      CN      173      Mr      Ellis      Scot                        M
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Big MontySenior Web Developer / CEO of ExchangeTree.org Commented:
that log is showing a table of membersAll where your original query is showing a table of studentsAll
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jerryb30Commented:
where do last_name and first_name come from? A form?
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slegyAuthor Commented:
Stumbled across this example and it works:

	    sql = "SELECT COUNT(memberID) AS iTotal FROM membersAll WHERE (lastName = '" & last_name & "' AND firstName = '" & first_name & "');"
		Set rs=conn.Execute(sql)
		   		  
		textfile.WriteLine Now
		textfile.WriteLine "<BR><B>SQL:   </B>  " & (sql)
		textfile.WriteLine "<BR><B>Total:   </B>  " & rs("iTotal")
		textfile.WriteLine "<br>===============================<p>"	

	    If rs("iTotal") > 0 Then

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I'm a little confused!
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Big MontySenior Web Developer / CEO of ExchangeTree.org Commented:
thats because you're selecting from a different table
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slegyAuthor Commented:
I changed the name of the table when I posted the question. I'm confused about the rs("iTotal") causing it to work. None of the examples I've been reviewing for the past couple of hours looked like this.
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Big MontySenior Web Developer / CEO of ExchangeTree.org Commented:
it didnt work originally because you never assigned the database value to the asp variable iTotal, that is why nothing was showing. Once you did that, it displayed as it should have. if you changed your code to the following, it'll also work:

sql = "SELECT COUNT(memberID) AS iTotal FROM membersAll WHERE (lastName = '" & last_name & "' AND firstName = '" & first_name & "');"
		Set rs=conn.Execute(sql)
		iTotal = rs("iTotal")   		  
		textfile.WriteLine Now
		textfile.WriteLine "<BR><B>SQL:   </B>  " & (sql)
		textfile.WriteLine "<BR><B>Total:   </B>  " & iTotal
		textfile.WriteLine "<br>===============================<p>"

Open in new window

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slegyAuthor Commented:
I so apologize for confusing this. My initial changes to the query were meant to make it generic and remove actual names - which I did not do so well. last_name and first_name come from info returned from a social media login.

I just ran a test where I had changed the code in several places and it worked:

	    sql = "SELECT COUNT(memberID) AS iTotal FROM membersAll WHERE (lastName = '" & last_name & "' AND firstName = '" & first_name & "');"
		Set rs=conn.Execute(sql)
		   		  
		textfile.WriteLine Now
		textfile.WriteLine "<BR><B>SQL:   </B>  " & (sql)
		textfile.WriteLine "<BR><B>Total:   </B>  " & rs("iTotal")
		textfile.WriteLine "<br>===============================<p>"	

	    If rs("iTotal") > 0 Then...

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iTotal is not a field in the database.
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slegyAuthor Commented:
Yes, everything is working well. I guess I just didn't completely understand how the "AS" works. As always, you've been great. Thank you.
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Big MontySenior Web Developer / CEO of ExchangeTree.org Commented:
many thanks :)

think of the AS keyword that allows you to name a column whatever you like:

select count( userID ) as numberOfUsers, firstName + ' ' + lastName as fullName, ......
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