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jQuery does not trigger on HTML loaded via AJAX call

Posted on 2014-02-08
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Last Modified: 2014-02-08
I have a page which declares some jQuery code and I cannot get it to trigger on HTML which has been loaded using AJAX.

I have created the following simple code to illustrate the problem. It is a very simple page containing a link with a class called "link". There is also a div which will contain an external HTML file which also contains another link with the same "link" class applied to it. The jQuery triggers on the "link" class and pops up an alert.

It works when you click on "Click parent link" but not when you click on "Click loaded link" even though both links have the same class.

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>Test</title>
<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.8.3/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>

    <script type="text/javascript">
    //<![CDATA[
    $(document).ready(function(){

        $('#internaldiv').load('link.htm');

        $(".link").click(function(){		
            alert("Link clicked");
            return false;
        });

    });
    //]]>
    </script>
    
    <a class="link" href="#">Click parent link</a>
    
    <div id="internaldiv">
    
    </div>

</body>
</html>

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Here is the external link.htm file:

<a class="link" href="#">Click loaded link</a>

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In the example given, the div loads on document ready, however it could equally load on some other event say clicking on a button or link.
0
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Question by:mike99c
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7 Comments
 
LVL 58

Accepted Solution

by:
Gary earned 500 total points
ID: 39844622
http://api.jquery.com/on/

        $(document).on("click",".link",function(){		
            alert("Link clicked");
            return false;
        });

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0
 
LVL 38

Expert Comment

by:Tom Beck
ID: 39844669
The ajax loaded page does not yet exist in the DOM when the parent page is "ready". By then the click event listener has already been assigned to the only existing class="link" on the page.

Consider this example where the click event listeners are not assigned until there are more than one class="link" elements present.
<script type="text/javascript">
    //<![CDATA[
    $(document).ready(function(){

        $('#internaldiv').load('link.htm');
		var test = setInterval(function(){
			if ($('.link').length > 1) {
				clearInterval(test);
				$(".link").click(function(){							
            		alert("#" + $(this).index() + " Link clicked");
            		return false;
				});
        	}
		}, 300);

    });
    //]]>
    </script>

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0
 
LVL 58

Expert Comment

by:Gary
ID: 39844685
That is an example of how not to use jquery.
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LVL 38

Expert Comment

by:Tom Beck
ID: 39844690
Okay Gary, you have the better solution. That's why you are the Ace.
0
 
LVL 58

Expert Comment

by:Gary
ID: 39844697
Nothing to do with the better solution, it is the solution. That is what .on is for
Your way is looping javascript until it can find two elements with the class, and then will never run again to capture any new links.
On top of that the click event won't even exist for the first link until there are two links.
0
 
LVL 38

Expert Comment

by:Tom Beck
ID: 39844704
I totally understand my mistake now. Thanks for elaborating. I've still got some learning to do. I won't give up my day job just yet.
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:mike99c
ID: 39844743
Thanks Cathal, that did the trick. It's 01:14 in the morning here in London and I can now get some sleep.
0

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