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How do you know if the website is hosted on Linux platform ?and how to hide Operating System Identity

One expert advise me If attacker or hacker got the Remote Operating system platform information and if there are any known vulnerabilities available in the remote operating system then this will help attacker or hacker to steal or hack your website data.
Asking me to hide Operating System Identity .
How  do you know if the  website is hosted on Linux platform or other?and how to hide Operating System Identity
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Ihab
Asked:
Ihab
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5 Solutions
 
BenefordCommented:
The webserver agent (eg Apache, IIS) is able to respond by saying what it is (in the HTTP Response header, the server field).

For apache, you can withhold this information (see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/15130443/remove-server-info-and-php-info-from-response-header)
(PHP will give the underlying OS, so that one is worth not returning).

If the underlying OS isn't explicitly published by the WebServer, there are sometimes clues if you scan the server for ports and see what else is responding (eg, if it also hosts SMTP, that usually says what it is when you connect to it.)

To be protected, you need to scan the address and see what information is available, and close any ports/services that are not being used.
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TomislavjSystem AdminCommented:
you can check server information with many tools or on web pages like http://builtwith.com
hiding is specific for OS so you can search for Apache or IIS on Internet
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IhabAuthor Commented:
That is my website
www.dhowsoft.com
Please advise
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pateljituCommented:
You can do a who.is lookup to see information related to your domain, follow this link http://www.who.is/whois/dhowsoft.com

Take a look at this article to help mask the details (again if you planning to apply these change in your production server, be very careful and do on your own risk):
http://www.port80software.com/support/articles/maskyourwebserver

Another way is to run website scan using paid / free online tools (for e.g. http://www.acunetix.com/ or http://wapiti.sourceforge.net/) to determine vulnerability for your website and applying suggested fix.
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IhabAuthor Commented:
How to hide Operating System Identity?
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IhabAuthor Commented:
How do you know if the website is hosted on Linux platform
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pateljituCommented:
Basically you cannot hide the information but maybe try and mask it (based on my previous reply using article http://www.port80software.com/support/articles/maskyourwebserver)

Your website dhowsoft.com  is hosted on Microsoft-IIS/7.0 which you can see using this link http://www.who.is/whois/dhowsoft.com

Every page request sent from your web server serves HEADER information which includes SERVER (which would be Apache, IIS...)
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Sudeep SharmaTechnical DesignerCommented:
This is done by the checking the fingerprinter of the remote system by capturing the TCP/IP packets thrown to it.

Most of the people use tool like Nmap.

For more details please see the article below:
http://nmap.org/book/man-os-detection.html

Sudeep
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BenefordCommented:
If the site is IIS, then the server is Windows.

Removing the SERVER entry in the HTTP Response is quite involved, but the instructions are here.
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1178831/remove-server-response-header-iis7
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IhabAuthor Commented:
Mr.  Beneford
Do you recommend removing server entry in HTTP -hide Operating System Identity?
Thanks
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IhabAuthor Commented:
I have checked my website with acunetix and I've got the results in the print-screen,
Please advise
web.jpg
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BenefordCommented:
I recommend having a secure server.

If an attacker knows the OS, that only helps them know what sort of attack to mount.
If you have sufficiently valuable data, they will attack everything and knowing the OS only saves them a bit of time (but may help discourage casual attackers).

So worry less about revealing the OS and worry more about closing anything that is vulnerable.

If you don't own/control the server, this may be harder. If security is important, then your own server and an external audit to see where it is vulnerable may be worth the cost.
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Sudeep SharmaTechnical DesignerCommented:
Download and install Nmap for windows and scan your website.

It would tell you what OS your website is running.

http://nmap.org/dist/nmap-6.40-setup.exe

Make sure to select the intense scan.

Sudeep
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IhabAuthor Commented:
I have checked my website with acunetix and I've got the results in the print-screen,
Please advise
web.jpg
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pateljituCommented:
You might not have user proper settings to run the scan, would suggest to download trial and use that version.
Articles:
http://www.acunetix.com/blog/category/docs/


One successfully scanned your list should looks as in screen-shot from Acunetix portal.

http://www.acunetix.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/online-vulnerability-scanner-scan-results.png
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