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check job status last 24 hours

Posted on 2014-02-17
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Last Modified: 2014-02-20
Hello,

I want to modify this query for checking the jobs status last 24 hours :

set nocount on; select distinct replace (j.name, ' ', '')  +'|'+ case h.run_status when 0 then 'Failed' when 1 then 'Successful'  when 3 then 'Cancelled' when 4 then 'In Progress' end as JobStatus from msdb..sysjobhistory h, msdb..sysjobs j where j.job_id = h.job_id and h.step_id = 1 and h.run_date =  (select max(hi.run_date) from msdb..sysjobhistory hi where h.job_id = hi.job_id) and h.run_time = (select max(hj.run_time) from msdb..sysjobhistory hj where h.job_id = hj.job_id) order by 1

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Question by:bibi92
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7 Comments
 
LVL 52

Expert Comment

by:Carl Tawn
ID: 39864271
Try:
set nocount on; 
select distinct replace (j.name, ' ', '')  +'|'+ case h.run_status when 0 then 'Failed' when 1 then 'Successful'  when 3 then 'Cancelled' when 4 then 'In Progress' end as JobStatus 
from msdb..sysjobhistory h, msdb..sysjobs j where j.job_id = h.job_id and h.step_id = 1 and h.run_date >= dateadd(hh, -24, getdate())
order by 1

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Author Comment

by:bibi92
ID: 39864701
Hello,

The following error is returned :

Msg 8115, Level 16, State 2, Line 2
Arithmetic overflow error converting expression to data type datetime.
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LVL 52

Expert Comment

by:Carl Tawn
ID: 39864834
Can you post exactly what you are running and what SQL version you are running it on? The query is correct, so should work ok.
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Expert Comment

by:Anthony Perkins
ID: 39864924
run_date is an integer not a datetime data type.
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LVL 52

Expert Comment

by:Carl Tawn
ID: 39864959
I guess SSMS must be a bit more forgiving then :)

Try this instead:
select distinct replace (j.name, ' ', '')  +'|'+ case h.run_status when 0 then 'Failed' when 1 then 'Successful'  when 3 then 'Cancelled' when 4 then 'In Progress' end as JobStatus 
from msdb..sysjobhistory h, msdb..sysjobs j where j.job_id = h.job_id and h.step_id = 1 and msdb.dbo.agent_datetime(h.run_date, h.run_time) >= dateadd(hh, -24, getdate())
order by 1

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LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:Anthony Perkins
ID: 39865058
Good one!  I was not familiar with that function.
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LVL 70

Accepted Solution

by:
Scott Pletcher earned 2000 total points
ID: 39865248
You never want to modify a table column data type when you can modify static data instead, as changing the table column will force scans; if a seek would have been available, performance can be hurt drastically.

Therefore, we should convert the current datetime to int formats (or varchar, which SQL will implicitly CAST to int for us)  for comparison to int columns "run_date" and "run_time", like so:

select distinct
    replace (j.name, ' ', '')  +'|'+ case h.run_status
        when 0 then 'Failed'
        when 1 then 'Successful'
        when 3 then 'Cancelled'
        when 4 then 'In Progress' end as JobStatus
from msdb..sysjobhistory h, msdb..sysjobs j
where
    j.job_id = h.job_id and
    h.step_id = 1 and
    (h.run_date = convert(char(8), getdate(), 112) or --today
     (h.run_date = convert(char(8), dateadd(day, -1, getdate()), 112) and --yesterday...
      h.run_time >=  replace(convert(varchar(8), getdate(), 108), ':', ''))) --...from current time forward
order by 1

Currently there are no indexes on run_date and run_time for sysjobhistory, but this is still the proper technique to follow to allow the best performance for queries in the future.
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