Waiting in main thread for a flag to be set by thread

#include<iostream.h>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <pthread.h>
using namespace std;

bool flag = false;

void* doStuff(void t)
{
	//does lots of stuff
	flag = true;
	
	//does lots of stuff. takes long time to do that
}
pthread_t threadCall(int t)
{
   pthread_t threads;
   int rc;
   int i;
      
      rc = pthread_create(&threads, NULL, doStuff, (void *)t);
      if (rc){
         cout << "Error:unable to create thread," << rc << endl;
         exit(-1);
      }

 return threads;

}

int main()
{
	int t =10;
	pthread_t thread= threadCall(t);
	
	//does some function calls
	while(!flag);
	
	//do some stuff when flag gets true.
	
	pthread_join(thread, NULL);
	return 0;
}

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above is my code. I want to wait in main thread for flag to be set true by another thread as you can see here doStuff() function set the flag true.  In main thread, statement while(!flag); waits in busy waiting until flag get true.

Is there any other way to wait in main thread except this busy waiting.

Thanks in advance
LVL 1
bsdexAsked:
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TommySzalapskiCommented:
What you have is called a spin lock.
What you want would be mutex with condition variables.
Here is a good explanation of how they work in your context (from the pthread library)
https://computing.llnl.gov/tutorials/pthreads/#ConVarOverview
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TommySzalapskiCommented:
Here is a simple example similar to your code

#include<iostream.h>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <pthread.h>
using namespace std;

pthread_mutex_t mutex;
pthread_cond_t cond_var;

void* doStuff(void t)
{
	//does lots of stuff
        pthread_mutex_lock(&mutex); //Make sure signal is called after the wait
	pthread_cond_signal(&cond_var); //Tell the main thread to continue
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&mutex); //Unlock the mutex
	//does lots of stuff. takes long time to do that
}
pthread_t threadCall(int t)
{
   pthread_t threads;
   int rc;
   int i;
      
      rc = pthread_create(&threads, NULL, doStuff, (void *)t);
      if (rc){
         cout << "Error:unable to create thread," << rc << endl;
         exit(-1);
      }

 return threads;

}

int main()
{
	int t =10;
        pthread_mutex_lock(&mutex); // Make sure signal is called after the wait
	pthread_t thread= threadCall(t);
	
	//does some function calls
	pthread_cond_wait(&cont_var, &mutex); //Unlocks the mutex and waits for the signal
	
	//do some stuff when flag gets true.
	
	pthread_join(thread, NULL);
	return 0;
}

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Read up on mutex and condition variables to understand.
Quick intro
If the mutex is locked, the thread calling lock will wait until it unlocks. You can use this to make sure things happen in the proper order.
pthread_cond_wait unlocks the mutex and waits for a signal on the condition variable. The mutex is used to make sure signal is called after wait so it is not missed.
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bsdexAuthor Commented:
Thank you very much :)
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