Loading generated XML to a table

Alyanto
Alyanto used Ask the Experts™
on
I have the query below which produces the XML I need.  The problem is I want to insert it into a table or a variable.  How is this best done from SQL server?

SELECT
            1 AS 'Tag'
            ,NULL As 'Parent'
            ,0 AS 'Branches!1!Sort!hide'
            ,NULL AS 'Branches!1!'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchNumber!ID'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchName'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchDistrict'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchRegion'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchZone'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchCountry'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchCountryNo'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatchs!3!ELEMENT'
            ,NULL AS 'Stock!5!ELEMENT'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!LongCode!ID'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!Units'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!Memo'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!TransactionType'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!OtherBranchNumber'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!LongCode!ID'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!ShortCode'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!ProductDescription'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!BranchSellingPrice'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!CurrentStockUnits'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!ToPickUnits'
UNION ALL
      SELECT DISTINCT
            2 AS Tag
            ,1 AS Parent
            ,br.BranchNumber * 100
            ,NULL
            ,br.BranchNumber
            ,br.BranchName
            ,br.BranchDistrict
            ,br.BranchRegion
            ,br.BranchZone
            ,br.BranchCountry
            ,br.BranchCountryNo
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
      FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch di INNER JOIN [dbo].[PI_BranchStock] br ON di.BranchNumber = br.BranchNumber
      WHERE di.BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
    3 AS Tag
    ,2 AS Parent
    ,BranchNumber * 100 + 1
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch WHERE BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
    4 AS Tag
    ,3 AS Parent
    ,BranchNumber * 100 + 2
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,LongCode
    ,Units
    ,TransactionType
    ,Memo
    ,OtherBranchNumber
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch WHERE BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
      SELECT DISTINCT
            5 AS Tag
            ,2 AS Parent
            ,BranchNumber * 100
            ,NULL
            ,BranchNumber AS Trial
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
      FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch WHERE BranchNumber = 15
      UNION ALL
      SELECT DISTINCT
            6 AS Tag
            ,5 AS Parent
            ,di.BranchNumber * 100
            ,NULL
            ,di.BranchNumber AS Trial
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,br.LongCode
            ,br.ShortCode
            ,br.ProductDescription
            ,br.BranchSellingPrice
            ,br.CurrentStockUnits
            ,br.ToPickUnits
      FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch di INNER JOIN [dbo].[PI_BranchStock] br ON di.BranchNumber = br.BranchNumber
      WHERE di.BranchNumber = 15
ORDER BY [Branches!1!Sort!hide]
FOR XML EXPLICIT)
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declare
	@xml_string varchar(max)
SET
	@xml_string=(
SELECT
            1 AS 'Tag'
            ,NULL As 'Parent'
            ,0 AS 'Branches!1!Sort!hide'
            ,NULL AS 'Branches!1!'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchNumber!ID'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchName'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchDistrict'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchRegion'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchZone'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchCountry'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchCountryNo'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatchs!3!ELEMENT'
            ,NULL AS 'Stock!5!ELEMENT'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!LongCode!ID'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!Units'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!Memo'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!TransactionType'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!OtherBranchNumber'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!LongCode!ID'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!ShortCode'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!ProductDescription'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!BranchSellingPrice'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!CurrentStockUnits'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!ToPickUnits'
UNION ALL
      SELECT DISTINCT
            2 AS Tag
            ,1 AS Parent
            ,br.BranchNumber * 100
            ,NULL 
            ,br.BranchNumber
            ,br.BranchName 
            ,br.BranchDistrict
            ,br.BranchRegion
            ,br.BranchZone 
            ,br.BranchCountry 
            ,br.BranchCountryNo 
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
      FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch di INNER JOIN [dbo].[PI_BranchStock] br ON di.BranchNumber = br.BranchNumber 
      WHERE di.BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
    3 AS Tag
    ,2 AS Parent
    ,BranchNumber * 100 + 1
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch WHERE BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
    4 AS Tag
    ,3 AS Parent
    ,BranchNumber * 100 + 2
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,LongCode
    ,Units
    ,TransactionType
    ,Memo
    ,OtherBranchNumber
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch WHERE BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
      SELECT DISTINCT
            5 AS Tag
            ,2 AS Parent
            ,BranchNumber * 100
            ,NULL
            ,BranchNumber AS Trial
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL 
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
      FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch WHERE BranchNumber = 15
      UNION ALL
      SELECT DISTINCT
            6 AS Tag
            ,5 AS Parent
            ,di.BranchNumber * 100
            ,NULL
            ,di.BranchNumber AS Trial
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL 
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,br.LongCode
            ,br.ShortCode
            ,br.ProductDescription 
            ,br.BranchSellingPrice 
            ,br.CurrentStockUnits
            ,br.ToPickUnits 
      FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch di INNER JOIN [dbo].[PI_BranchStock] br ON di.BranchNumber = br.BranchNumber 
      WHERE di.BranchNumber = 15
ORDER BY [Branches!1!Sort!hide]
FOR XML EXPLICIT)

SELECT @xml_string

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To insert into an XML variable:
declare
	@xml xml
SET
	@xml=CONVERT(xml, (
SELECT
            1 AS 'Tag'
            ,NULL As 'Parent'
            ,0 AS 'Branches!1!Sort!hide'
            ,NULL AS 'Branches!1!'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchNumber!ID'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchName'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchDistrict'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchRegion'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchZone'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchCountry'
            ,NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchCountryNo'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatchs!3!ELEMENT'
            ,NULL AS 'Stock!5!ELEMENT'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!LongCode!ID'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!Units'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!Memo'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!TransactionType'
            ,NULL AS 'Despatch!4!OtherBranchNumber'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!LongCode!ID'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!ShortCode'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!ProductDescription'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!BranchSellingPrice'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!CurrentStockUnits'
            ,NULL AS 'Item!6!ToPickUnits'
UNION ALL
      SELECT DISTINCT
            2 AS Tag
            ,1 AS Parent
            ,br.BranchNumber * 100
            ,NULL 
            ,br.BranchNumber
            ,br.BranchName 
            ,br.BranchDistrict
            ,br.BranchRegion
            ,br.BranchZone 
            ,br.BranchCountry 
            ,br.BranchCountryNo 
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
      FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch di INNER JOIN [dbo].[PI_BranchStock] br ON di.BranchNumber = br.BranchNumber 
      WHERE di.BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
    3 AS Tag
    ,2 AS Parent
    ,BranchNumber * 100 + 1
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch WHERE BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
    4 AS Tag
    ,3 AS Parent
    ,BranchNumber * 100 + 2
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,LongCode
    ,Units
    ,TransactionType
    ,Memo
    ,OtherBranchNumber
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
    ,NULL
FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch WHERE BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
      SELECT DISTINCT
            5 AS Tag
            ,2 AS Parent
            ,BranchNumber * 100
            ,NULL
            ,BranchNumber AS Trial
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL 
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
      FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch WHERE BranchNumber = 15
      UNION ALL
      SELECT DISTINCT
            6 AS Tag
            ,5 AS Parent
            ,di.BranchNumber * 100
            ,NULL
            ,di.BranchNumber AS Trial
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL 
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,NULL
            ,br.LongCode
            ,br.ShortCode
            ,br.ProductDescription 
            ,br.BranchSellingPrice 
            ,br.CurrentStockUnits
            ,br.ToPickUnits 
      FROM  dbo.PI_Dispatch di INNER JOIN [dbo].[PI_BranchStock] br ON di.BranchNumber = br.BranchNumber 
      WHERE di.BranchNumber = 15
ORDER BY [Branches!1!Sort!hide]
FOR XML EXPLICIT))

SELECT @xml

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From variable you can insert into a table easily. You cant insert directly from query if you use FOR XML.
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Author

Commented:
Option one resulted in this message

Msg 1086, Level 15, State 1, Line 166
The FOR XML clause is invalid in views, inline functions, derived tables, and subqueries when they contain a set operator. To work around, wrap the SELECT containing a set operator using derived table syntax and apply FOR XML on top of it.


Option Two Resulted in this message
Msg 1086, Level 15, State 1, Line 166
The FOR XML clause is invalid in views, inline functions, derived tables, and subqueries when they contain a set operator. To work around, wrap the SELECT containing a set operator using derived table syntax and apply FOR XML on top of it.


A little cryptic but I think it means

SELECT * FROM ( SELECT ... FROM ADateSource) AS DAT or similar for each sub query, or am I barking up the wrong tree?
Ok, instead of set use select:

declare
	@xml_string varchar(max)
SELECT
	@xml_string=
...(

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Author

Commented:
My choices seem to be put the data in a table and deal with it from there, export it to a file and deal with it from there or send it to a variable.  I would be able to work this through with most of those options.

I tried the encasing the sub queries this did not work!

Author

Commented:
I tried the third option proposed and this was the result:

Msg 1086, Level 15, State 1, Line 167
The FOR XML clause is invalid in views, inline functions, derived tables, and subqueries when they contain a set operator. To work around, wrap the SELECT containing a set operator using derived table syntax and apply FOR XML on top of it.
Can you post the query you tried here?
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
The part that you are missing is:
1. FOR XML EXPLICIT, TYPE
2. To work around, wrap the SELECT containing a set operator using derived table syntax and apply FOR XML on top of it.
Top Expert 2012
Commented:
In other words, try it this way:
DECLARE @X xml 

SELECT @X = 
(SELECT *
FROM (
SELECT  1 AS 'Tag',
        NULL AS 'Parent',
        0 AS 'Branches!1!Sort!hide',
        NULL AS 'Branches!1!',
        NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchNumber!ID',
        NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchName',
        NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchDistrict',
        NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchRegion',
        NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchZone',
        NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchCountry',
        NULL AS 'Branch!2!BranchCountryNo',
        NULL AS 'Despatchs!3!ELEMENT',
        NULL AS 'Stock!5!ELEMENT',
        NULL AS 'Despatch!4!LongCode!ID',
        NULL AS 'Despatch!4!Units',
        NULL AS 'Despatch!4!Memo',
        NULL AS 'Despatch!4!TransactionType',
        NULL AS 'Despatch!4!OtherBranchNumber',
        NULL AS 'Item!6!LongCode!ID',
        NULL AS 'Item!6!ShortCode',
        NULL AS 'Item!6!ProductDescription',
        NULL AS 'Item!6!BranchSellingPrice',
        NULL AS 'Item!6!CurrentStockUnits',
        NULL AS 'Item!6!ToPickUnits'
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
        2 AS Tag,
        1 AS Parent,
        br.BranchNumber * 100,
        NULL,
        br.BranchNumber,
        br.BranchName,
        br.BranchDistrict,
        br.BranchRegion,
        br.BranchZone,
        br.BranchCountry,
        br.BranchCountryNo,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL
FROM    dbo.PI_Dispatch di
        INNER JOIN [dbo].[PI_BranchStock] br ON di.BranchNumber = br.BranchNumber
WHERE   di.BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
        3 AS Tag,
        2 AS Parent,
        BranchNumber * 100 + 1,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL
FROM    dbo.PI_Dispatch
WHERE   BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
        4 AS Tag,
        3 AS Parent,
        BranchNumber * 100 + 2,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        LongCode,
        Units,
        TransactionType,
        Memo,
        OtherBranchNumber,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL
FROM    dbo.PI_Dispatch
WHERE   BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
        5 AS Tag,
        2 AS Parent,
        BranchNumber * 100,
        NULL,
        BranchNumber AS Trial,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL
FROM    dbo.PI_Dispatch
WHERE   BranchNumber = 15
UNION ALL
SELECT DISTINCT
        6 AS Tag,
        5 AS Parent,
        di.BranchNumber * 100,
        NULL,
        di.BranchNumber AS Trial,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        NULL,
        br.LongCode,
        br.ShortCode,
        br.ProductDescription,
        br.BranchSellingPrice,
        br.CurrentStockUnits,
        br.ToPickUnits
FROM    dbo.PI_Dispatch di
        INNER JOIN [dbo].[PI_BranchStock] br ON di.BranchNumber = br.BranchNumber
WHERE   di.BranchNumber = 15
) a ORDER BY [Branches!1!Sort!hide] FOR XML EXPLICIT)

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Author

Commented:
Thank you Anthony for your answer this has salvaged a considerable amount of work to date.  I would also like to acknowledge the contribution of the Zberteoc who was clearly going in the right direction.

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