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utf-8 problems

Posted on 2014-03-01
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Last Modified: 2014-03-02
hi, i am developing a web site using MAMP, in phpmyadmin i have a table that contains "special spanish characters", then using set utf8 for mysql there is no problem. My problem is that when i run my page in my ubuntu server, the "special spanish characters" appears incorrectly, What I can do?
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Question by:joyacv2
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Dan Craciun earned 350 total points
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How are you displaying your data?
In a browser? Which one?

Since the characters show OK in phpmyadmin, this means the problem is in the code that displays the data on the page.

Try putting this in the <head> section of the page:
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">

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HTH,
Dan
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by:joyacv2
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Hi Dan,

Let me explain in more detail:

i have a code in php in page1 that generates html code combine with pure html in that page. In page one i use javascript and ajax to call a PHP page every second. In that call the ajax calls a page 2 (is pure php). The page 2 have a code that only connects to a database, makes a query and returns a echo. That echo is then received by ajax and put in a div. In that page 2 i use a code that sets the query to utf8 and all works perfect. So my page works perfect in all aspects. The problem comes when I move the website from my local MAMP to my ubuntu web server. In my ubuntu something happens that the "special spanish characters" look strange. Why is happening in ubuntu and not in my MAMP enviroment?
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by:Ray Paseur
Ray Paseur earned 150 total points
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This is an increasingly common issue.  Please read this article and then post back if you still have questions about character set collisions.
http://www.experts-exchange.com/Web_Development/Web_Languages-Standards/PHP/A_11880-Unicode-PHP-and-Character-Collisions.html
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by:joyacv2
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Hi Ray,

This is a espectacular article, do you think that there is some configuration in my server that is different from my MAMP?
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by:Dan Craciun
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Yup. The default charset.
Add this to httpd.conf in your MAMP AddDefaultCharset UTF-8
This will tell Apache to serve all pages as UTF-8
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by:joyacv2
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hi

in my mamp all works well, it is in my ubuntu that i have the problems. This lines is exactly that you mention?
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by:Ray Paseur
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You may find that it's needed in your HTML documents' meta charset tag, as well as in the data base connections.  You may also want to be careful about the PHP code for things like strlen() and substr() because the UTF-8 characters for the accented western letters are more than one byte long.
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by:joyacv2
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hi,

add the charset line in my ubuntu apache2.conf line and the same problem appears
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by:Dan Craciun
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Have you restarted Apache?
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by:joyacv2
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hi,

i restart the server complete using sudo reboot
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by:Gary
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Have you checked the encoding being used in your browser (if the problem is in the browser)
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Author Comment

by:joyacv2
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Hi,

Yes, because I am using the same browser for the MAMP and for the ubuntu server
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Author Closing Comment

by:joyacv2
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I change all the documents to utf-8 and the article really explains this type of situations and problems
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