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Comparing two columns in a table, creating another column based on said column, then updating other columns in the table based on the new column

Posted on 2014-03-14
Last Modified: 2014-03-17
Hi Experts...

Here is my dilemma. I have a table (myTable) that contains two columns (StartDate, AdjustedHireDate). Each row contains information for each employee with EmployeeID as the PK.

I need to evaluate these two columns and select whichever date is latest (d1).

Then I am going to update the table based on a date this year that matches the month and day of the 'd1' date (UserDefinedDate1). Following that, I will add 60 days to the UserDefinedDate1 column and get a date in the future.

I'm close, but I cant get the d1 column populated because it's returning more than one value. I don't know how to separate the update for each row.

Does that make sense??

--UPDATE myTable
declare @d1 DATETIME
set @d1 = (SELECT CASE WHEN AdjustedHireDate >= StartDate
				Then AdjustedHireDate
				else StartDate
			FROM myTable)

--SET UserDefinedDate1 = DATEADD(YEAR, year(getdate())-year(d1), D1)
--	, UserDefinedDate3 = DATEADD(DAY, 60, DATEADD(YEAR, year(getdate())-year(D1), D1))
--	, UserDefinedDate5 = DATEADD(DAY, 180, DATEADD(YEAR, year(getdate())-year(D1), D1))

		, EmployeeID
		, StartDate						
		, AdjustedHireDate
		, UserDefinedDate1
		, UserDefinedDate2
		, UserDefinedDate3

FROM dbo.tblPaEmpGenInfo

Open in new window

In the end I would like to have this result:

startdate          AHDate               d1                    UDDate1             UDDate2
02/01/2007      05/16/2009        5/16/2009       5/16/2014          4/16/2014          

Thanks for any help you can provide.
Question by:Erick W
  • 2
  • 2
LVL 69

Accepted Solution

Scott Pletcher earned 500 total points
ID: 39930563
UPDATE dbo.tblPaEmpGenInfo
    UserDefinedDate1 = UserDefinedDate1,
    UserDefinedDate3 = DATEADD(DAY, 60, UserDefinedDate1),
    UserDefinedDate5 = DATEADD(DAY, 180, UserDefinedDate1)
FROM dbo.tblPaEmpGenInfo peg
    /* (SELECT CAST('20130303' AS datetime) AS AdjustedHireDate,
               CAST('20130207' AS datetime) AS StartDate
    ) AS test_data */
    SELECT CASE WHEN AdjustedHireDate >= StartDate
        THEN AdjustedHireDate
            ELSE StartDate
        END AS LaterDate
) AS cross_apply_1
    SELECT DATEADD(YEAR, YEAR(GETDATE())-YEAR(LaterDate), LaterDate) AS UserDefinedDate1
) AS cross_apply_2

Author Comment

by:Erick W
ID: 39930666
When I tried your solution (which is great, I've never seen CROSS APPLY) I get an ambiguous column name for the second UserDefinedDate1 field in

 UserDefinedDate1 = UserDefinedDate1,

Any ideas?
LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:Anthony Perkins
ID: 39930744
I suspect Scott meant (no points please):
SET     UserDefinedDate1 = peg.UserDefinedDate1,
        UserDefinedDate3 = DATEADD(DAY, 60, peg.UserDefinedDate1),
        UserDefinedDate5 = DATEADD(DAY, 180, peg.UserDefinedDate1)

Open in new window

LVL 69

Assisted Solution

by:Scott Pletcher
Scott Pletcher earned 500 total points
ID: 39930889
D'OH, sorry, here's the

    UserDefinedDate1 =  cross_apply_2.UserDefinedDate1,
    UserDefinedDate3 = DATEADD(DAY, 60,  cross_apply_2.UserDefinedDate1),
    UserDefinedDate5 = DATEADD(DAY, 180,  cross_apply_2.UserDefinedDate1)

Maybe I should have used a different column name in c_a_2 -- naturally change it to a unique name if you prefer.  But I like names that are self-documenting whenever possible.

Author Comment

by:Erick W
ID: 39934443

Thank you very much. Incidentally, I did the same thing Anthony did. LOL wrong table.

Thank you again. Full points from your original answer.

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