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Slow SQL Server View

Posted on 2014-03-18
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Last Modified: 2014-04-22
I have a SQL Server view that times out every time that I run it. I am executing the following statement to retrieve data from the view:

SELECT * FROM vwMyView 
WHERE MyDateField Between '1/1/2014' And '1/31/2014' 
And MyField1 = '1-0' And MyField2 >=1000000 AND MyField3 IS NULL

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When I execute this statement without the date criteria it returns records immediately. I have an index on the date field, so I don't understand why it is timing out.

Any ideas?
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Question by:TechMommy
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Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39938651
I assume MyDateField is datetime/smalldatetime or similar ad not (n)varchar.

See if this makes any difference:
SELECT * FROM vwMyView 
WHERE MyDateField Between '20140101' And '20140131' 
And MyField1 = '1-0' And MyField2 >=1000000 AND MyField3 IS NULL

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Please also be aware that using that query could miss the vast majority of data for the 31st of January.

Imaging that a record has a MyDateFiled value of 2014-01-31 17:16:15 +00005
Right now such a record would be missed completely.
A more reliable way to filter for a date range is to avoid using between. This will be certain to include all of Jan 31.:
SELECT * FROM vwMyView 
WHERE MyDateField >= '20140101' And MyDateField < '20140201' 
And MyField1 = '1-0' And MyField2 >=1000000 AND MyField3 IS NULL

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For more on this topic please see: "Beware of Between"
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Author Comment

by:TechMommy
ID: 39938703
Good point about not using Between, but changing the SQL statement did not solve the performance problem.
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Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39938722
Are you able to provide the execution plan .sqlplan file of the actual query? (it an be attached)

and can you confirm the data type of MyDateField please
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TechMommy earned 0 total points
ID: 39938753
Well, I figured it out....I decided to try deleting the index on MyDateField, saving,and then adding the index back again. Now the SQL statement executes in less than 1 second!
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Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39938795
:) well that's one way I guess, at least you know the index is "fresh".
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Author Comment

by:TechMommy
ID: 40005239
I solved this myself, so I'm not sure how to indicate that here. How do I designate that no one gets any points on this since I came up with the solution?
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Expert Comment

by:Anthony Perkins
ID: 40005368
I decided to try deleting the index on MyDateField, saving,and then adding the index back again.
You do realize there are better ways to rebuild an index than dropping and recreating it, right?  I mean I trust you are not planning to do this on a scheduled basis.  That is why there are jobs that rebuild indexes when the fragmentation is high.

How do I designate that no one gets any points on this since I came up with the solution?
I answered my own question. How do I close the question?
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Author Closing Comment

by:TechMommy
ID: 40014346
None of the suggestions involved deleting or rebuilding the index. It was only after I eliminated the other possible solutions that I decided to pursue my own solution. That was when I discovered the problem with the index.
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