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SBS 2011  - can't create more than 3 Primary Partitions

Posted on 2014-03-19
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Last Modified: 2014-03-19
New install of SBS 2011 Standard. Created a partition to install the OS and left remainder unpartitioned. After install I tried to create a new partition in the free space. Created a New Simple Volume and was expecting a 4th primary partition but it instead creates a logical drive:

Drive Manager Screenshot
Not sure why or if it matters. Is it OK to leave it as a logical drive? Any idea why it would not format as a 4th Primary Partition?
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Question by:scion111
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Philip Elder earned 500 total points
ID: 39940573
Delete the extended one.

Use DiskPart to create the primary one:

Select Disk 0
Create Partition Primary

You can then format it in Disk Management.
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by:rindi
ID: 39940586
MBR disks can only have a max of 4 primary partitions. You already have those used up (an extended partition is the same as a primary partition. But you can create more logical partitions within an extended partition if you need more than 4.
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by:scion111
ID: 39940667
Thanks Philip and rindi.

I guess I can try the Diskpart route, but I don't understand why, when I format the unpartitioned space, it automatically creates the extended partition. I am given no choices. I expected it to create a 4th primary.

Just want to make sure the behavior is not indicating that there is an underlying problem with the drive's formatting scheme.

Any idea why I can only get SBS to create 3 primaries instead of the expected 4?
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by:Alan Hardisty
ID: 39940716
Is it a Dell server by any chance?
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by:Philip Elder
ID: 39940726
This is the behaviour we have always seen in my experience.

Philip
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by:scion111
ID: 39940739
It is a Dell T420.

I have clients with T420's, 610's etc. and this is the first time I ran into this. The only difference is that this came with no OS and I installed from scratch.
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by:Alan Hardisty
ID: 39940747
Thought so!

Did you wipe and install SBS using any Dell disks, or just the SBS 2011 disks?

Were there any partitions installed on the disks before you started?
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by:scion111
ID: 39940763
Used their LifeCycle Controller to load the drivers but after that I wiped the disk clean (500GB RAID 1) and created a 200GB partition for the OS install.

Philip Elder's DiskPart solution worked. It created the Primary and I was able to format.

DriveScreenshot2
No idea why I had to resort to DiskPart but thanks to all for your help!
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Expert Comment

by:Cliff Galiher
ID: 39940772
This isn't just SBS. Windows 7 and 2008 R2 behave the same way. Basically it boils down to support calls. People were creating 4 primary partitions in XP and then later wanted to add another partition and couldn't because MBR only allows four. So converting a partition from primary to extended was a convoluted affair.

The simple solution was to make the GUI always create the fourth partition as an extended partition so future logical drives could be added at any time, for 99% of the scenarios out there, this minor behavioral change was either beneficial, or at least not restrictive as most users wouldn't care. There was no direct benefit to the last partition being primary. So this change was good.

If you *really* need four primary partitions, you can still create them (or really just the fourth) using the command line. Diskpart still fully supports this. And this also plays well to the above. Any situation that requires an advanced non-standard configuration would be getting implement by someone with knowledge and diskpart is not a significant barrier at that point.

So, there ya go. That's why, and that's how to get around it *if* you need to.
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by:rindi
ID: 39940773
I would always make the 4th partition extended, as then you are more flexible and can use logical partitions. If you make it primary, you can't add any further partitions.
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Author Comment

by:scion111
ID: 39940784
Cliff and rindi:

Thanks for the clarifications! They make perfect sense. In this case, the client will never need more partitions. I did not think the extended would make any difference but was not absolutely sure so I figured I'd go with the primary.
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